Title page for ETD etd-12202007-095954


Document Type Doctoral Thesis
Author Beyers, Josephine Bertha Pauline
URN etd-12202007-095954
Document Title A taxonomic revision of Lachnaea L. (Thymelaeaceae)
Degree PhD (Botany)
Department Botany
Supervisor
Advisor Name Title
Prof A E van Wyk Committee Chair
Keywords
  • Lachnaea L. (Thymelaeaceae) Cape of Good Hope (SA)
  • plants classification Cape of Good Hope (SA)
  • classification Lachnaea L. (Thymelaeaceae)
Date 2000-09-01
Availability restricted
Abstract
Lachnaea L., a genus endemic to the Cape Floristic Region, occurs almost exclusively in fynbos vegetation. In this revision a brief taxonomic history of Lachnaea is presented. Palynology and chromosome numbers were found to be taxonomically insignificant at specific level. Evidence from macromorphology, leaf anatomy, ecology and geographical distribution is used as the basis for species delimitation. Circumscription of the genus is extended to include the species of Cryptadenia Meisn. Previously proposed sections in Lachnaea are not upheld. Four species and all varieties are reduced to synonymy; 12 species and two subspecies are newly described and one new name is proposed. Forty species and two subspecies are now recognised. Geographically most species are concentrated in the 3319 (Worcester) grid. A phylogenetic hypothesis of Lachnaea resulting from two cladistic analyses is presented. The results of the analyses show that Lachnaea is monophyletic and that the sections are paraphyletic. The two analyses produced mixed resolution regarding the solitary-flowered species and gave conflicting results with regard to the evolutionary pathway of certain characters. Allopatric speciation appears to have been the dominant process in Lachnaea. Additional variables that may have governed diversification are altitudinal difference, allochory and post-fire regeneration strategies. The taxonomic treatment includes keys to the species and subspecies, detailed descriptions with notes on nomenclature, diagnostic features, relationships, distribution, ecology and conservation status. Line drawings and a distribution map are provided for each species.

2000, University of Pretoria. All rights reserved. The copyright in this work vests in the University of Pretoria. No part of this work may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the University of Pretoria.

Please cite as follows:

Beyers, JBP 2000, A taxonomic revision of Lachnaea L. (Thymelaeaceae), PhD thesis, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, viewed yymmdd < http://upetd.up.ac.za/thesis/available/etd-12202007-095954/ >

H587/ag

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