Title page for ETD etd-12062006-132534


Document Type Master's Dissertation
Author Wallace, Esme Denise
URN etd-12062006-132534
Document Title Some characteristics of the uterine progestorone receptor and the effects of norethindrone on conception in the rock hyrax (Procavia capensis)
Degree MSc (Zoology)
Department Zoology and Entomology
Supervisor
Advisor Name Title
Prof R J van Aarde Committee Chair
Keywords
  • hyraxes
Date 1999-12-01
Availability unrestricted
Abstract
The mean dissociation constant ( SEM) of the uterine progesterone receptor for progesterone in eight rock hyraxes, culled at Elandsrand Mine Reserve, was 1.78 nM (O.l07). The receptor also showed a high relative binding affinity (RBA) for the synthetic hormones norethindrone (%RBA = 185), levonorgestrel (%RBA = 179) and RU486 (%RBA = 221). The binding of norethindrone is similar to that of the African elephant and thus allows for the use of the hyrax as a biological model for the development of a contraceptive for the elephant as an alternative to elephant culling. Norethindrone and cholesterol (placebo) implants in 18 captive hyraxes resulted in zero pregnancies for the seven animals receiving norethindrone, five pregnancies in the eight animals receiving cholesterol and three pregnancies in the three animals receiving no implants. Circulating oestradiol-17 and progesterone concentrations of the mid-pregnant and non-pregnant animals were similar to those in free ranging hyraxes, suggesting that norethindrone had no effect on the availability of these hormones. Histological investigation of selected organs (adrenals, liver, spleen, uterus and ovaries) showed that the effects of norethindrone were limited to the endometrial and ovarian tissue. The endometrium showed atrophic glands and proliferating stromal cells while the ovaries were inactivated. This indicated that norethindrone possibly interferes with both the uterine environment and ovulation, thus preventing conception. This study indicates that norethindrone has contraceptive abilities in the rock hyrax that can potentially be extrapolated to the African elephant, in the search for a contraceptive to manage high population growth rates.

1999 University of Pretoria. All rights reserved. The copyright in this work vests in the University of Pretoria. No part of this work may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the University of Pretoria.

Please cite as follows:

Wallace, ED 1999, Some characteristics of the uterine progesterone receptor and the effects of norethindrone on conception in the rock hyrax (Procavia capensis), MSc dissertation, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, viewed yymmdd < http://upetd.up.ac.za/thesis/available/etd-12062006-132534/ >

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