Title page for ETD etd-11262009-181005

Document Type Master's Dissertation
Author Nair, Lakshmi Ravindran
Email eutopialrn@gmail.com
URN etd-11262009-181005
Document Title Industrial and office wideband MIMO channel performance
Degree MEng
Department Electrical, Electronic and Computer Engineering
Advisor Name Title
Dr B T J Maharaj Supervisor
  • robustness
  • analytical models
  • polarization
  • MIMO systems
  • average capacity
  • eigenvalue analysis
Date 2009-09-02
Availability unrestricted
The aim of this dissertation is to characterize the MIMO channel in two very distinct indoor scenarios: an office building and an industrial environment. The study investigates the use of single- and dual-polarized antenna MIMO systems, and attempts to model the channel using well-known analytical models. The suitability of MIMO architectures employing either single or dual-polarization antennas is presented, with the purpose of identifying not only which architecture provides better average capacity performance, but also which is more robust for avoiding low channel rank. A measurement campaign employing dual-polarized 88 patch arrays at 2.4 GHz and 5.2 GHz is analyzed. For both environments the performance of three 44 subsystems (dual-polarized, vertical-polarized and horizontal-polarized) are compared in terms of the average capacities attained by these systems and their eigenvalue distributions. Average capacities are found to be only marginally different, indicating little advantage of dual-polarized elements for average performance. However, an eigenvalue analysis indicates that the dual-polarized system is most robust for full-rank MIMO communications, by providing orthogonal channels with more equal gain. The analysis of the analytical models shows that the Kronecker and Weichselberger models underestimate the measured data. Kronecker models are known to perform poorly for large antenna sizes and the performance of the Weichselberger model can be attributed to certain parts of the channel not fading enough.

2009, University of Pretoria. All rights reserved. The copyright in this work vests in the University of Pretoria. No part of this work may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the University of Pretoria.

Please cite as follows:

Nair, LR 2009, Industrial and office wideband MIMO channel performance , MEng dissertation, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, viewed yymmdd < http://upetd.up.ac.za/thesis/available/etd-11262009-181005/ >


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