Title page for ETD etd-11202006-101829


Document Type Master's Dissertation
Author Van den Bergh, Frans
URN etd-11202006-101829
Document Title A device-free locator using computer vision techniques
Degree MSc (Computer Science)
Department Computer Science
Supervisor
Advisor Name Title
Prof V Lalioti Committee Chair
Dr L du Pisanie Committee Co-Chair
Keywords
  • human-computer interaction
  • computer vision
  • real time data processing
Date 1999-12-01
Availability unrestricted
Abstract
Device-free locators allow the user to interact with a system without the burden of being physically in contact with some input device or without being connected to the system with cables. This thesis presents a device-free locator that uses computer vision techniques to recognize and track the user's hand. The system described herein uses a video camera to capture live video images of the user, which are segmented and processed to extract features that can be used to locate the user's hand within the image. Two types of features, namely moment based invariants and Fourier descriptors, are compared experimentally. An important property of both these techniques is that they allow the recognition of hand-shapes regardless of affine transformation, e.g. rotation within the plane or scale changes. A neural network is used to classify the extracted features as belonging to one of several hand signals, which can be used in the locator system as 'button clicks' or mode indicators. The Siltrack system described herein illustrates that the above techniques can be implemented in real-time on standard hardware.

1999, University of Pretoria. All rights reserved. The copyright in this work vests in the University of Pretoria. No part of this work may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the University of Pretoria.

Please cite as follows:

Van den Bergh, F 1999, A device-free locator using computer vision techniques, MSc dissertation, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, viewed yymmdd < http://upetd.up.ac.za/thesis/available/etd-11202006-101829/ >

H677/ag

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