Title page for ETD etd-11112005-112733


Document Type Doctoral Thesis
Author Verwey, Ingrid Vivienne
Email verweyct@yebo.co.za
URN etd-11112005-112733
Document Title A comparative analysis between SA and USA women entrepreneurs in construction
Degree PhD (Entrepreneurship)
Department Business Management
Supervisor
Advisor Name Title
Prof J van Vuuren
Keywords
  • success- and motivational factors
  • women’s entrepreneurship
  • positive pull-
  • negative push-
  • barriers-
Date 2005-04-21
Availability unrestricted
Abstract
Women increasingly 'make the leap' into 'traditionally male' entrepreneurial ventures. This dissertation reviews relevant literature on what, how many, why and where women entrepreneurs in construction found their niche markets, which aspects make women unique, how poverty and unemployment hurt women and what entrepreneurial barriers women experience, comparing a developed (USA) and developing country (SA).

A survey instrument was developed to test the constructs empirically and case studies illustrate the models of success. Given the excellent results of the Cronbach Alpha and Factor Analysis, the instrument developed proved to be reliable and valid and could be used for similar studies.

The case- and empirical studies analyse women ownership attitudes and push and pull factors to determine why women became entrepreneurs in construction. The main findings are:

1. Women took up their rightful place as construction entrepreneurs. It is a myth that they are only labourers.

2. Differences and similarities; SA-USA: In the USA women are mostly ‘Corporate Entrepreneurs’ and in SA they are mainly ‘Entrepreneurs’. They agree that their associations are successful in promoting women in construction.

3. Positive pull factors are the main reason why women are in construction as they demonstrate entrepreneurial behaviour and characteristics.

4. Negative push factors, e.g. “need to make a living” are a lesser reason.

5. Gender discrimination can become fatal barriers for successful women entrepreneurs.

6. The majority of respondents see themselves as successful and intent on developing key aspects of their businesses to expand their competitive edge.

7. SAWiC played a pioneering role in developing a database to prevent clients from justifying their non-compliance of the law in terms of non-availability of women entrepreneurs in construction.

Files
  Filename       Size       Approximate Download Time (Hours:Minutes:Seconds) 
 
 28.8 Modem   56K Modem   ISDN (64 Kb)   ISDN (128 Kb)   Higher-speed Access 
  00front.pdf 107.41 Kb 00:00:29 00:00:15 00:00:13 00:00:06 < 00:00:01
  01chapter1.pdf 258.96 Kb 00:01:11 00:00:36 00:00:32 00:00:16 00:00:01
  02chapter2.pdf 319.93 Kb 00:01:28 00:00:45 00:00:39 00:00:19 00:00:01
  03chapter3.pdf 203.88 Kb 00:00:56 00:00:29 00:00:25 00:00:12 00:00:01
  04chapter4.pdf 418.58 Kb 00:01:56 00:00:59 00:00:52 00:00:26 00:00:02
  05chapter5.pdf 623.89 Kb 00:02:53 00:01:29 00:01:17 00:00:38 00:00:03
  06chapter6.pdf 485.75 Kb 00:02:14 00:01:09 00:01:00 00:00:30 00:00:02
  07chapter7.pdf 636.69 Kb 00:02:56 00:01:30 00:01:19 00:00:39 00:00:03
  08back.pdf 240.96 Kb 00:01:06 00:00:34 00:00:30 00:00:15 00:00:01

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