Title page for ETD etd-11092011-155428

Document Type Master's Dissertation
Author Van Niekerk, Melissa
URN etd-11092011-155428
Document Title The relationship between occupational stress and locus of control among nurses
Degree MCom
Department Human Resource Management
Advisor Name Title
Prof J Basson Co-Supervisor
Ms N Carrim Supervisor
  • biopsychological model of stress
  • person-environment fit model
  • occupational stress
  • nursesí work environment
  • nurses
  • external
  • external locus of control
  • internal
  • internal locus of control
  • locus of control
  • attribution theory
  • social learning theory
Date 2012-04-12
Availability unrestricted
The objective of this study was to explore the relationship between occupational stress and locus of control, to analyse and investigate the nature of nursesí work and to determine the sources of stress and how they influence the nursesí work environment and personal lives. The Work and Life Circumstances Questionnaire (WLQ) and Rotterís 23-item scale were applied in a probability, simple random sample consisting of 302 South African nursing students and nurses currently employed in the private and public healthcare sector.

Significant relationships were observed between the variables. Supporting evidence indicates that there is a negative correlation between occupational stress and locus of control. The results further indicate significant differences among the different locus of control orientations and the participants perceived level of stress; as well as a difference in the correlations between occupational stress and demographics such as marital status, working time and occupational level. Finally, the researcher was able to determine which stressors cause the highest level of stress among the participants. The findings should contribute valuable new information to the employee well-being literature and human resource management practices relating to employee assistance programmes, employee well-being and the retention of staff, especially in the healthcare sector.

Copyright © 2011, University of Pretoria. All rights reserved. The copyright in this work vests in the University of Pretoria. No part of this work may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the University of Pretoria

Please cite as follows:

Van Niekerk, M, 2011, The relationship between occupational stress and locus of control among nurses , MCom dissertation, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, viewed yymmdd < http://upetd.up.ac.za/thesis/available/etd-11092011-155428 />


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