Title page for ETD etd-11082012-112904


Document Type Master's Dissertation
Author George, Jiya Marian
Email jiyageorge@yahoo.com
URN etd-11082012-112904
Document Title Generation and analysis of mutated clonal scFv antibody fragments against R7V epitope of HIV-1
Degree MSc
Department Biochemistry
Supervisor
Advisor Name Title
Dr M Beukes Supervisor
Keywords
  • HIV
  • Human immuno deficiency virus
  • molecules
Date 2012-09-07
Availability unrestricted
Abstract
Human immuno deficiency virus (HIV) incorporates host cellular protein, beta-2-microglobulin (β2m), into its surface envelope during budding. β2m is a cellular protein that belongs to the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) Class I molecules. Studies have shown anti-β2m monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) has the ability of to neutralize the virus. An epitope consisting of seven amino acids of the β2m protein designated as R7V produces antibodies that protect HIV infected people from progressing to AIDS. These protective antibodies, called anti-R7V antibodies, were able to neutralize different HIV isolates, despite their genomic variations, various cellular targets and geographic origin.

Anti-R7V antibodies in the format of single chain variable fragments (scFvs) were produced in our laboratory using the M13 phage display technology. These scFv antibody fragments were used during in vitro studies for the detection and neutralization of the R7V antigen by enzyme linked immune sorbent assay (ELISA). The scFv fragments produced against the R7V epitope showed interaction, however the antibody-antigen affinity was too weak for the virus neutralization assay. Hence, this project focused on the affinity maturation of the anti-R7V scFv fragments through random mutagenesis using the error prone (EP) PCR method.

The EP PCR method generated two mutated anti-R7V scFvs. The mutated clones were subcloned into the pAK400 expression vector. The computer-based models, created using the Swiss PDB Deep Viewer 4.02 software, were used to predict the antigen-binding site and affinity analysis of both parent and mutated scFvs.

Mutated clone 1 failed to bind to the R7V epitope whereas mutated clone 2 had similar binding pattern as the parent scFv. Mutated clone 2 was predicted to have a higher binding affinity compared to the parent scFv. The results obtained demonstrate the efficacy of EP PCR to generate high affinity antibodies. Future experiments using high affinity anti-R7V scFvs may lead to its potential use in diagnostics, therapeutics or vaccine development.

Copyright 2012, University of Pretoria. All rights reserved. The copyright in this work vests in the University of Pretoria. No part of this work may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the University of Pretoria

Please cite as follows:

George, JM 2012, Generation and analysis of mutated clonal scFv antibody fragments against R7V epitope of HIV-1, MSc dissertation, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, viewed yymmdd < http://upetd.up.ac.za/thesis/available/etd-11082012-112904 / >

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