Title page for ETD etd-11062012-165437


Document Type Master's Dissertation
Author Sishuba, Khaya Goldsworth
Email khaya.sishuba@gmail.com
URN etd-11062012-165437
Document Title Prioritising diplomacy as an instrument of the United States’ foreign policy in the aftermath of the ‘war on terror’
Degree MDIPS
Department Political Sciences
Supervisor
Advisor Name Title
Dr Y K Spies Supervisor
Keywords
  • United States foreign policy
  • diplomacy
  • war on terror
Date 2012-04-23
Availability restricted
Abstract
The Obama Administration in the United States has announced and started implementing foreign policy that is distinctly different from that of its predecessor, the Bush Administration. A new foreign policy doctrine, based on the concept of ‘smart power’, is now emerging and acknowledges that a combination of ‘hard power’ and ‘soft power’ is required for the US to build an appropriate framework within which to tackle unconventional threats such as terrorism. In essence, the prioritisation of soft power indicates a return to intangible power resources, such as culture, ideology and institutions, and most importantly, prioritises diplomacy as an instrument of foreign policy. This study will determine why this dramatic shift has occurred, and will investigate the diplomatic fallout of the Bush Administration’s ‘war on terror’ during which ‘hard power’ tools were favoured and diplomacy was marginalised or, at best, combined with unilateral and even coercive tools of foreign policy. The study will also interrogate the preliminary assumption that the foregoing has convinced policy-makers in the US that the country, despite its superpower status, will not be able to achieve its long-term goals on its own and, if it acts unilaterally, will undermine those political alliances and institutions that are vital to its foreign-policy goals. This has arguably prompted the Obama Administration’s recent embrace of global diplomatic norms, inter alia, transparency, inclusiveness, multilateralism, respect for international law, and basic civility in international relations.

Copyright © 2011, University of Pretoria. All rights reserved. The copyright in this work vests in the University of Pretoria. No part of this work may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the University of Pretoria

Please cite as follows:

Sishuba, KG 2011, Prioritising diplomacy as an instrument of the United States’ foreign policy in the aftermath of the ‘war on terror’, MDIPS dissertation, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, viewed yymmdd < http://upetd.up.ac.za/thesis/available/etd-11062012-165437 / >

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