Title page for ETD etd-11062008-140956

Document Type Doctoral Thesis
Author Kim, Jeong Bong
URN etd-11062008-140956
Document Title "Come out after Saul and after Samuel!" : a case for texual analysis of 1 Samuel 11:1-11
Degree PhD
Department Old Testament Studies
Advisor Name Title
Prof D J Human Supervisor
  • ecstatic prophets
  • redaction
  • Deuteronomists
  • Bamah
  • the high place
  • ANE
  • the ancient Near East
  • royal ideology
  • kingship
  • nagid
  • tradition
  • Saul
  • Samuel
Date 2008-09-04
Availability unrestricted

1 Samuel 11:1-11 is royal ideology for the kingship of Saul. The biblical text informs that Saul was divinely sanctioned as leader of Israel. The heroic leadership of Saul was prominent to rescue his people from the imposed national shame by Nahash the Ammonite. The leadership of Saul was endorsed by the spirit of Yahweh. The spirit of Yahweh pinpoints the prophetic connection of Saul with a group of ecstatic prophets from the high place (1 Sm 9). An original textual context for the royal ideology is referred to 1 Samuel 9:1-10:16 that provided a prophetic connection with the royal ideology.

1 Samuel 11:1-11 was involved in various textual and historical processes to form the present text and context. Through delicate redactional intentions the biblical text was incorporated in the macro-context of the royal ideology of David. In 1 Samuel 9:1-10:16 Saul was anointed as nagid by Samuel as the answer for the crying of the people (1 Sm 9:16). The anointing guaranteed a divine sanction for the leadership of Saul (1 Sm 11:1-11). The tradition of Saul (1 Sm 9:1-10:16; 11:1-11) idealized the leadership of Saul as a divinely sanctioned kingship after the defeat of the Ammonites (cf 1 Sm 11:15). However, Saul was judged as the rejected and unfaithful king of Israel throughout the Deuteronomistic History (DH). Strikingly, Saul was connected with the evil origin of the kingship in Israel.

The kingship of Saul can be perceived in the background of the ancient Near East (ANE) in terms of royal ideology. A prominent characteristic of the royal ideology in the ANE is to emphasize a divine sanction of the kingship in the ANE. In the ANE the king had to prove his divine sanction for the kingship. The tradition of Saul tells how the kingship of Saul was divinely sanctioned in the perspective of the ANE. On the other hand, the Deuteronomist emphasized the divine sanction of Saul was illegitimate in connection with his prophetic connection with a group of ecstatic prophets from the high place. Further Saul was characterized as lacking of divine knowledge in the DH.

The research shows that 1 Samuel 11:1-11 is the royal ideology for Saul. The appearance of the kingship of Saul was inevitable in the critical period of the Israelite history. The leadership of Saul was divinely sanctioned in the prophetic manner. Such a prophetic characteristic of Saul was highly welcomed by the people.

It is a comprehensive approach resulting from synthesizing various approaches such as historical critical approaches, new literary approaches, and social scientific approaches. The methodology distinguished embedded historical information in the text from a final redactional intention, that is, theological purpose of the redactor.

University of Pretoria 2008

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  00front.pdf 138.79 Kb 00:00:38 00:00:19 00:00:17 00:00:08 < 00:00:01
  01chapter1.pdf 152.50 Kb 00:00:42 00:00:21 00:00:19 00:00:09 < 00:00:01
  02chapter2.pdf 238.08 Kb 00:01:06 00:00:34 00:00:29 00:00:14 00:00:01
  03chapter3.pdf 246.15 Kb 00:01:08 00:00:35 00:00:30 00:00:15 00:00:01
  04chapter4.pdf 337.45 Kb 00:01:33 00:00:48 00:00:42 00:00:21 00:00:01
  05chapter5.pdf 108.31 Kb 00:00:30 00:00:15 00:00:13 00:00:06 < 00:00:01
  06bibliography.pdf 161.98 Kb 00:00:44 00:00:23 00:00:20 00:00:10 < 00:00:01

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