Title page for ETD etd-10172005-144142


Document Type Doctoral Thesis
Author Steenkamp, Morne Johan
URN etd-10172005-144142
Document Title Doelorientering, intra- en interpersoonlike verhoudinge by kompeterende sportdeelnemers (Afrikaans)
Degree DPhil (Human Movement Science)
Department Biokinetics, Sport and Leisure Sciences
Supervisor
Advisor Name Title
Prof B J M Steyn Committee Chair
Keywords
  • competition psychology
  • targets sports
  • interpersonal relations
  • sports social aspects
Date 2002-02-12
Availability unrestricted
Abstract
AFRIKAANS: Die doel met hierdie studie is om doeloriŽntering, intra- en interpersoonlike klimaat as verskynsels te ondersoek en die dinamiese relasies tussen hierdie genoemde verskynsels na te vors. Die eerste fase van die studie is om met kwantitatiewe navorsing die relasies tussen die doeloriŽntering van die sportdeelnemer en sy persepsies van die doeloriŽntering van sy ouers en afrigter te bepaal, asook om die invloed van interpersoonlike verhoudinge (sportdeelnemer se verhouding met sy ouers en afrigter) op intrapersoonlike verhouding (sportdeelnemer se verhouding met homself) en doeloriŽntering te ondersoek. Die gestandaardiseerde TEOSQ (Task and Ego Orientation Sport Questionnaire) van Duda (1989) en intra- en interpersoonlike verhoudingskaal van Minnaar (1997) is deur 112 manlike en vroulike Suid-Afrikaanse kompeterende sportdeelnemers tussen die ouderdomme van 17 en 25 jaar voltooi. Die result ate het die hipoteses ondersteun dat daar 'n positiewe verband tussen die doeloriŽntering van ouers en afrigters met die doeloriŽntering van die sportdeelnemer, asook tussen inter- en intrapersoonlike verhoudinge van die sportdeelnemer bestaan. Die hipotese dat daar 'n positiewe verband tussen 'n konstruktiewe intrapersoonlike verhouding en taakorientering bestaan en tussen 'n negatiewe intrapersoonlike verhouding en ego oriŽntering by die sportdeelnemer, kon net ten dele bewys word. Die hipotese dat daar 'n korrelasie tussen interpersoonlike verhoudinge en die sportdeelnemer se doeloriŽntering bestaan, kon nie bevestig word nie.

Die tweede fase is om met kwalitatiewe navorsing bogenoemde verskynsels en relasies te ondersoek en te verstaan waar doeloriŽntering vandaan kom en hoe doeloriŽntering by die sportdeelnemer deur interaksie met ouers en afrigters vasgelÍ word. 'n Verdere doel van hierdie deel van die navorsing was om te bepaal watter verskynsel lÍ die grondslag vir die vorming van die ander, met ander woorde is intra- ¨en interpersoonlike verhoudinge spontane byprodukte van doeloriŽntering of is doeloriŽntering die byproduk van intra- en interpersoonlike verhoudinge. Data is verkry deur in-diepte onderhoude met sewe kompeterende sportdeelnemers te voer. Die onderhoude is op band opgeneem, na geskrewe teks oorgedra en ontleed. VanweŽ die eksploratiewe aard van die navorsing is geen hipoteses vir hierdie deel van die studie gestel nie. Die resultate illustreer waarom en hoe die interaksie met ouers en afrigters die doeloriŽntering van die sportdeelnemer beÔinvloed en vorm.

ENGLISH: The purpose of this study is to research goal orientation, intra- and interpersonal relations as constructs and to determine the dynamic relations between these phenomena. The first phase is to determine with quantitative research the relations between the goal orientation of the participant and his perception of the goal orientation of his parents and coach, and also to determine the influence of interpersonal relations (sport participants' relations with parents and coaches) on intrapersonal relations (the sport participant's relation with himself) and goal orientation. The standardized TEOSQ (Task and Ego Orientation Sport Questionnaire) of Duda (1989) and intra- and interpersonal relations scale of Minnaar (1997) were administered to 112 male and female South African competitive sport participants between the ages of 17 and 25 years. The results of the study confirmed the hypotheses that positive relations exist between goal orientation of parents/coaches and the sports participant, as well as between intra- and interpersonal relations of the participant. The hypothesis that a positive correlation exists between a constructive intrapersonal relation and task orientation as well as between a destructive intrapersonal relation and ego orientation in sport could only partially be verified. The hypothesis that a correlation exists between interpersonal relationships and goal orientation of the sport participant could not be verified.

The second phase of the study is to further investigate the above findings with qualitative research to understand where and how goal orientation is formed by interaction between the sport participant and his parents and coach. Another goal of this part of the research was to determine which of the constructs forms the foundation for the other, in other words does intra- and interpersonal relations lead to goal orientation or does goal orientation lead to intra- and interpersonal relations. Seven competitive sport participants were interviewed for this part of the study. The interview was taped, transferred to text and then ana1ysed. Due to the exploratory nature of this research no hypotheses were set for this part of the study. Results illustrate how and why the interaction with parents and coaches influence the goal orientation of the sport participant.

© 2009, University of Pretoria. All rights reserved. The copyright in this work vests in the University of Pretoria. No part of this work may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the University of Pretoria.

Please cite as follows:

Steenkamp 2000, DoeloriŽntering, intra- en interpersoonlike verhoudinge by kompeterende sportdeelnemers, DPhil thesis, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, viewed yymmdd < http://upetd.up.ac.za/thesis/available/etd-10172005-144142/ >

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