Title page for ETD etd-10012009-180534

Document Type Master's Dissertation
Author Nelson, Cindy
Email cindynelson.1@gmail.com
URN etd-10012009-180534
Document Title An archaeozoological and ethnographic investigation into animal utilisation practices of the Ndzundza Ndebele of the Steelpoort River Valley, South Africa, 1700 AD 1900 AD
Degree Master of Arts
Department Anthropology and Archaeology
Advisor Name Title
Dr I Plug Co-Supervisor
Dr S Ouzman Supervisor
  • esikhunjini
  • faunal analysis
  • KoNomtjarhelo
  • KwaMaza
  • late iron age
  • minimum number of Individuals
  • quantifiable skeletal parts
  • archaeozoology
  • MNI
  • animal food subsistence
  • Ndzundza Ndebele
  • Mpumalanga
  • QSP
  • South Africa
  • Steelpoort River Valley
  • number of identified specimens
  • NISP
Date 2009-04-18
Availability unrestricted

Focussing on Archaeozoological faunal analysis, this dissertation aims to investigate the animal food utilization practices of the Ndzundza Ndebele by combining archaeozoologcial methods, archaeological data, ethnographic and historic information. The Ndzundza Ndebele inhabited three different sites in the Steelpoort River Valley during c. 1700 AD 1900 AD. They were forced to relocate from KwaMaza and Esikhunjini to KoNomtjarhelo as a result of continual fighting between themselves and contemporary Iron Age/Historic communities, the British and the Boers during this period. I aim to identify the animal species utilized by the Ndzundza Ndebele in addition to whether or not the hostile and politically unstable period had any effect on Ndzundza animal food procurement, use and discard. Additionally I investigate whether the faunal remains recovered from the three sites can be used to identify ethnic affiliations, gender roles and ritual use with regards to animals and/or animal parts. Ultimately, I aim to demonstrate that faunal remains cannot be fully understood and interpreted without incorporating relevant ethnographic and/or historic information and as comprehensive an archaeological context as possible.

Copyright 2008, University of Pretoria. All rights reserved. The copyright in this work vests in the University of Pretoria. No part of this work may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the University of Pretoria.

Please cite as follows:

Nelson, C 2008, An Archaeozoological and Ethnographic investigation into animal utilisation practices of the Ndzundza Ndebele of the Steelpoort River Valley, South Africa, 1700 AD 1900 AD, MA dissertation, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, viewed yymmdd < http://upetd.up.ac.za/thesis/available/etd-10012009-180534/ >

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