EGKR´ATEIA in die Pauliniese hoofbriewe (Afrikaans)">

Title page for ETD etd-09302003-101905

Document Type Master's Dissertation
Author Bredenkamp, D S M
URN etd-09302003-101905
Document Title EGKR´ATEIA in die Pauliniese hoofbriewe (Afrikaans)
Degree PhD (New Testament Science)
Department New Testament Studies
Advisor Name Title
Prof S J Joubert
  • vryheid
  • 1 Korintiërs 7
  • 1 Korintiërs 9
  • Galasiërs 5
  • self-control
  • self-discipline
  • virtue
  • fruit of the Spirit
  • gift of the Spirit
  • asceticism
  • celibacy
  • freedom
  • 1 Corinthians 7
  • right
  • 1 Corinthians 9
  • Galatians 5
  • regte
  • asketisme
  • gawe
  • selibaat
  • vrug van die Heilige Gees
  • deug
  • selfdissipline
  • selfbeheersing
Date 2001-10-23
Availability unrestricted

This work embarks on a study of the use and interpretation of the term ’egkr´ateia (self-control) in the principal Pauline letters. But, first of all, a study is made of the use of this term in the literature outside the New Testament. It becomes clear that ’egkr´ateia was a cardinal virtue closely associated with syvrosung (temperance), one of the four basic Greek virtues. The emphasis fell particularly on the educated person's ability to control himself through strict self-discipline. However, this idea of self-control is alien to the tradition of the Old Testament. Only through the Hellenised Wisdom literature it became part of the Judaism of Paul's time.

Through an exegetical analysis of Paul's use of the modes of the term ’egkr´ateia; in 1 Corinthians 7:5, 9 and 9:25, as well as in Galatians 5:23; it becomes clear that to him ’egkr´ateia was part of the love with which believers served one another, within the freedom to which Christ has called them. It was the result of divine empowerment and control, because it was part of the fruit of the Holy Spirit. Although Paul also utilised the term as a virtue, to him it was not primarily characteristic of a person, but rather characterised the restrained and sacrificial managing of rights and privileges in relationships within the faith community. His own style of apostleship was a good example, because he willingly gave up his right to receive recompense for preaching the gospel. He illustrated this behaviour with the metaphor of an athlete's willingness to disregard certain rights with the eye on his goal. Believers should similarly be charitable towards one another.

Nevertheless, regarding the control of sexual desires, Paul went a little further in his use of ’egkr´ateia. Although he did not denounce matrimony, it was his opinion that a distinctly demarcated group of believers received the gift to easily control their sexual desires. He advised them to stay celibate in order to devote themselves even more to God's service. Comparing Paul's utilisation of ’egkr´ateia with the use of writers outside the New Testament, confirms his creative harnessing of concepts from the cultures in his environment. But it was not the classical or Hellenistic interpretation of ’egkr´ateia that influenced him. The Hellenised Judaism of the Septuagint formed Paul's concept of ’egkr´ateia. Nevertheless, his utilisation of the term was innovative original: by angling the Christian view away from the Hellenistic self-centredness, and focusing it on a loving and altruistic managing of rights and liberties, he thoroughly christianised the term.

A study of the church's understanding of Paul reveals that his use of ’egkr´ateia was mostly misunderstood. Again the term was understood and utilised as depicting the virtue of self-discipline in the classical and Hellenistic sense of the word. This, in turn, led to widespread incidence of asceticism and celibacy in the church. Even some views that lay behind modern day legalism and pietistic tendencies, originated from this understanding by the church of ’egkr´ateia .

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  00front.pdf 113.35 Kb 00:00:31 00:00:16 00:00:14 00:00:07 < 00:00:01
  01chapter1.pdf 134.52 Kb 00:00:37 00:00:19 00:00:16 00:00:08 < 00:00:01
  02chapter2.pdf 257.69 Kb 00:01:11 00:00:36 00:00:32 00:00:16 00:00:01
  03chapter3.pdf 1.28 Mb 00:05:56 00:03:03 00:02:40 00:01:20 00:00:06
  04chapter4.pdf 1.18 Mb 00:05:28 00:02:48 00:02:27 00:01:13 00:00:06
  05chapter5.pdf 193.71 Kb 00:00:53 00:00:27 00:00:24 00:00:12 00:00:01
  06chapter6.pdf 236.16 Kb 00:01:05 00:00:33 00:00:29 00:00:14 00:00:01
  07addendum.pdf 100.49 Kb 00:00:27 00:00:14 00:00:12 00:00:06 < 00:00:01
  08bibliography.pdf 153.76 Kb 00:00:42 00:00:21 00:00:19 00:00:09 < 00:00:01

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