Title page for ETD etd-09282010-192442

Document Type Master's Dissertation
Author Tolsma, Pierre Henri
Email phtolsman@gmail.com
URN etd-09282010-192442
Document Title The flutist's embouchure and tone : respectives and influences
Degree MMus
Department Music
Advisor Name Title
Prof J D C Hinch Supervisor
  • mouth
  • tongue
  • muscles
  • aperture
  • airstream
  • headjoint
  • fluit
  • klank
  • lippe
  • kaak
  • tong
  • mond
  • tande
  • spiere
  • lugstroom
  • opening
  • kopstuk
  • teeth
  • jaw
  • lips
  • embouchure
  • tone
  • flute
Date 2010-09-03
Availability unrestricted

A well formed embouchure and a good tone quality are vital for any flutist. This study is a detailed guide that includes general information, influences and perspectives on/about embouchure and tone for the flutist. Information is provided on how to form a proper embouchure, the relation between embouchure and tone, the purpose of the embouchure and the role of different body parts in a) forming a proper embouchure and b) manipulating the embouchure whilst playing. The anatomy of the human body and its relation to embouchure and tone is discussed. Pictures of the different muscles involved in flute playing, muscles of expression and the anatomy of body parts that influence embouchure and tone, are presented. Flute teachers‟, performers‟ and students‟ perspectives on aspects relating to embouchure and tone, are provided. Diseases, medical conditions, medicine, physical attributes and infections that can influence embouchure and tone are investigated. A discussion of the influences that flute options have on embouchure and tone is included. These options include open- or closed-hole, B or C footjoint, materials, wall thickness, split E or E ring, open- or closed-G#, pads, headjoint design and flute scales. There is also a short discussion about embouchure on big flutes.

AFRIKAANS : 'n Goed gevormde embouchure en n goeie klankkwaliteit is van kardinale belang vir enige fluitspeler. Die studie is n gedetaileerde gids, en bevat algemene inligting, invloede en perspektiewe op/oor embouchure en klank, vir die fluitspeler. Informasie oor hoe om 'n goeie embouchure te vorm, die verband tussen embouchure en klank, die doel van die embouchure sowel as die rol wat verskillende liggaamsdele speel in a) die vorming van die embouchure en b) die gebruik van die embouchure tydens spel, word voorsien. Die anatomie van die menslike liggaam wat verband hou met embouchure en klank, word bespreek. Prente van verskillende spiere betrokke tydens fluitspel, spiere van ekspressie en die anatomie van die liggaamsdele wat 'n invloed het op embouchure en klank, word voorgestel. Fluit onderwysers, voordraers en studente se perspektiewe rondom aspekte wat verband hou met embouchure en klank, word voorsien. Siektes, mediese toestande, medisyne, fisiese eienskappe en infeksies wat embouchure en klank kan benvloed, word ondersoek. 'n Bespreking van die invloede wat fluitopsies op embouchure en klank het, is ingesluit. Hierdie opsies sluit in oop- of geslote-opening, B of C voetstuk, materiale, buis dikte, gesplete E of E ring, oop- of geslote-G#, kussings, kopstuk ontwerp en fluittoonlere. 'n Kort bespreking in verband met embouchure op groot fluite word ook ingesluit.

2010, University of Pretoria. All rights reserved. The copyright in this work vests in the University of Pretoria. No part of this work may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the University of Pretoria.

Please cite as follows:

Tolsma, PH 2010, The flutist's embouchure and tone : respectives and influences, MMus dissertation, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, viewed yymmdd < http://upetd.up.ac.za/thesis/available/etd-09282010-192442/ >

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