Title page for ETD etd-09272010-194642


Document Type Master's Dissertation
Author Buwembo, Peter
URN etd-09272010-194642
Document Title Factors associated with under-5 mortality in South Africa : trends 1997- 2002
Degree MSocSci
Department Sociology
Supervisor
Advisor Name Title
Dr N J Bomela Supervisor
Keywords
  • environmental
  • socio-economic
  • nutritional
  • household survey
  • health-seeking
  • HIV/AIDS
  • maternal
  • under-5 mortality
Date 2009-09-03
Availability unrestricted
Abstract

The objective of this study is to investigate the trends in relative contribution each selected factor makes to the chance of a childís death over time in South Africa for children born 5 years preceding 1997 and 5 years preceding 2002. Attention was paid to the role played by socio-economic factors, biological and maternal factors, environmental factors, nutrient deficiency factors and health seeking behaviour factors. The study investigates whether the association of a specific factor to under-5 mortality persist over time.

Data from the 1997 October Household Survey and the 2002 General Household Survey were used. Births that occurred in the five years preceding each survey were analysed in relation to the survival of the child and socio-economic factors, biological and maternal factors, environmental factors, nutrient deficiency factors and health seeking behaviour factors. Logistic regression was used to determine the relative contribution of each factor for the two periods under review.

Under-5 mortality was significantly associated with eight factors during 1993-1997 period namely; motherís education, motherís place of residence, sex, birth order, birth interval, motherís age at the time of delivery of the subject child, nutrient deficiency and place of delivery. However, during the 1998-2002 period only five factors were significantly associated with under-5 mortality. These were motherís education, sex, birth interval, type of dwelling and place of delivery. This suggests changing patterns in factors associated with under-5 mortality between the two birth cohorts: 1993-1997 and the 1998-2002 birth cohorts.

© 2010, University of Pretoria. All rights reserved. The copyright in this work vests in the University of Pretoria. No part of this work may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the University of Pretoria.

Please cite as follows:

Buwembo, P 2010, Factors associated with under-5 mortality in South Africa : trends 1997- 2002, MA dissertation, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, viewed yymmdd < http://upetd.up.ac.za/thesis/available/etd-09272010-194642/ >

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