Title page for ETD etd-09272010-155233

Document Type Master's Dissertation
Author Schaffner, Sylvia Hanne Christa
Email schaffner.sylvia@gmail.com
URN etd-09272010-155233
Document Title An exploratory study on how factors such as gender, age groups and race affect incidence and type of bullying in a private high school in Pretoria
Degree Master of Arts
Department Psychology
Advisor Name Title
Dr L Blokland Supervisor
  • inter – and intra – racism
  • buss’s theory of aggression
  • school climate
  • Facebook
  • MySpace
  • Mxit
  • indirect bullying
  • type of bullying behaviours verbal bullying
  • bullying in South Africa
  • bullying prevalence
  • bullying
  • bullying behaviour
  • power-based theory
  • racism at school
  • cyber-bullying
  • bullying intervention programmes
  • physical bullying
Date 2010-09-03
Availability unrestricted

The purpose of the study was to investigate the frequency and type of bullying behaviours experienced in a Pretoria private high school in the past six months. The aim was to determine how factors such as gender, age and ethnicity influenced the frequency and type of bullying experienced. The different types of bullying behaviours were categorised into physical, indirect, verbal and cyber-bullying. A quantitative method was applied and a self-report questionnaire was administered to 367 learners ranging from ages 12 – 18 (Grade 8 to Grade 12). The results of the study indicated that indirect bullying (such as malicious gossip) was the highest form of bullying reported in the study and occurred equally throughout the grades. However a high amount of bullying in all categories was found in the grade 9 group. Females reported higher frequencies of indirect bullying than males but no differences were found with regards to gender and the other types of bullying. No differences were found between the ethnic groups and physical violence as well as cyber-bullying. Caucasians seem to experience higher frequencies in bullying behaviours when it came to indirect bullying compared to African and Asian learners. Indian learners were also more prone to experience indirect bullying than Asians. Caucasians were also more likely to experience verbal bullying than Asian learners. It was found that racial bullying might occur in the school but that it does so at a minimal level.

© 2009, University of Pretoria. All rights reserved. The copyright in this work vests in the University of Pretoria. No part of this work may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the University of Pretoria.

Please cite as follows:

Schaffner, SHC 2009, An exploratory study on how factors such as gender, age groups and race affect incidence and type of bullying in a private high school in Pretoria, MA dissertation, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, viewed yymmdd < http://upetd.up.ac.za/thesis/available/etd-09272010-155233/ >


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