Document Type Master's Dissertation Author Mokitimi, Ntsielehi Margaret email@example.com URN etd-09022010-172005 Document Title Exploring the links between climate variability and maize production in the Matelile area in Lesotho Degree Master of Arts Department Geography, Geo-Informatics and Meteorology Supervisor
Advisor Name Title Ms N C Davis Co-Supervisor Dr J M Olwoch Supervisor Keywords
- climate variability
- maize production and adaptation strategies
Date 2010-04-14 Availability restricted Abstract
This study examines the link between the climate variables and the maize yields in Matelile village in Lesotho. It also establishes the coping strategies adopted by the local inhabitants. Rainfall and temperature data from Mafeteng station from 1980-2004 were analyzed. Interviews were held with 80 local farmers and household representatives. The results from the interviews showed that most of the local farmers and the household representatives perceive a connection between the climate variables and maize yields. Farmers associate the increase in rainfall during the crop season with an increase in the crop yields. Analyzing the rainfall, temperature data and maize crop yields reflected no significant variation in all the variables over the period. Results from a Statistical Analysis System (SAS) indicate a very weak positive linear correlation of +0.26 between the mean seasonal rainfall and the maize crop yields in the area and a very weak negative correlation of -0.21 and –o.43 between the monthly minimum and maximum temperatures and the maize yields. The paper also presents the adaptation and coping mechanisms adopted by the communities in the area. These strategies however continue to be hindered by some socio-economic factors such as lack of access to financial resources. This raises the need for financial and technological assistance for farmers in the area in order to support their initiatives and therefore help them cope with the distress presented by unpredictable climate variation.
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Please cite as follows:
Mokitimi, NM 2009, Exploring the links between climate variability and maize production in the Matelile area in Lesotho, MA dissertation, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, viewed yymmdd < http://upetd.up.ac.za/thesis/available/etd-09022010-172005/ >
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