Title page for ETD etd-08062010-171656


Document Type Master's Dissertation
Author Cronwright-Snoeren, Angelique
Email angelique1981@hotmail.com
URN etd-08062010-171656
Document Title The prevalence of canine distemper virus antibodies in wild carnivores in the Kruger National Park and Marakele Park
Degree MSc
Department Veterinary Tropical Diseases
Supervisor
Advisor Name Title
Prof M Van Vuuren Supervisor
Keywords
  • Marakele National Park
  • wild carnivores
  • Kruger National Park
Date 2010-04-16
Availability unrestricted
Abstract

A description is given of a prevalence study of canine distemper virus antibodies in large carnivores in the Kruger National Park and Marakele National Park in South Africa. The serum-virus neutralization test was used to determine the prevalence of antibodies in different carnivore species in Kruger National Park and Marakele National Park. The species tested included 198 lions, 33 hyenas, 23 wild dogs and a leopard. The results demonstrated a total of 69 (34.8%) positive sera from lions. Moreover, CDV neutralizing antibodies were present in 25 (75.8%) hyena sera, 18 (78.3%) wild dog sera and the serum of one leopard. The results demonstrate that canine distemper virus is present in the Kruger National Park and that removal of the fences between the Kruger National Park and other conservation areas may pose a risk for spreading infectious diseases to susceptible species. Further work would be required to determine the prevalence of CDV in neighbouring regions. Only then risks can be estimated.

Copyright 2010, University of Pretoria. All rights reserved. The copyright in this work vests in the University of Pretoria. No part of this work may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the University of Pretoria.

Please cite as follows:

Cronwright-Snoeren, A 2010, The prevalence of canine distemper virus antibodies in wild carnivores in the Kruger National Park and Marakele Park, MSc dissertation, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, viewed yymmdd < http://upetd.up.ac.za/thesis/available/etd-08062010-171656/ >

E10/341/gm

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