Title page for ETD etd-08032009-182300

Document Type Master's Dissertation
Author Van Niekerk, Jacomina
Email jacomien.vanniekerk@up.ac.za
URN etd-08032009-182300
Document Title Kultuurtekste oor verstedeliking : ín vergelyking van Afrikaner- en swart verstedeliking in literÍre tekste (Afrikaans)
Degree Master of Arts
Department Afrikaans
Advisor Name Title
Prof C H F Ohlhoff Committee Chair
  • Afrikaans literature
  • black people
  • representation
  • city
  • comparative literature
  • cultural text
  • countryside
  • English literature
  • swart mense
  • Suid-Afrikaanse letterkundes
  • stad
  • platteland
  • representasie
  • landelike
  • kultuurteks
  • Afrikaners
  • Engelse letterkunde
  • Afrikaanse letterkunde
  • rural
  • South African literatures
  • urbanization
  • Zulu literature
  • vergelykende literatuurstudie
  • verstedeliking
  • Zulu letterkunde
Date 2009-09-01
Availability unrestricted

AFRIKAANS : Verstedeliking is ín verskynsel wat sowel Afrikaners as swart mense in die twintigste eeu in Suid-Afrika geaffekteer het. In sommige opsigte was die traumatiese effek van hierdie gebeure vergelykbaar vir die twee groepe, maar in andere was dit ín heel ander werklikheid vir Afrikaners om die platteland vir die stad te verruil as vir swart mense. Daar bestaan weinig studies wat ín gesamentlike blik op die verstedeliking van die twee groepe werp. Hierdie studie doen juis dit deur die representasie in literÍre tekste van die stad en die stadslewe deur Afrikaners en swart mense te ondersoek. Die welbekende stad/plattelandopposisie word verken, maar met die klem op die stad soos wat dit in literÍre tekste gerepresenteer word.

Die term ďcultuurtekstĒ word in hierdie bestudering van representasie aangewend. Die term word deur Maaike Meijer gebruik vir die verskynsel waar bepaalde wyses van representasie rondom ín onderwerp voortdurend herhaal. Die cultuurtekst is dus ín denkbeeldige Ďteksí wat bestaan uit verstarde kodes van representasie (of kulturele skemas, soos wat sy dit ook noem) wat steeds weer in individuele tekste herhaal word.

Die doel van die studie is om die bestaan van kultuurtekste oor die verstedeliking van Afrikaners en swart mense aan te toon. LiterÍre tekste in Afrikaans word bestudeer om ín stel kulturele skemas te identifiseer wat oor ín verskeidenheid tekste aangetref word, wat aandui dat ín kultuurteks oor Afrikanerverstedeliking in hierdie tekste herhaal word. Dieselfde werkwyse word betreffende swart verstedeliking gevolg: Engelse en Zulutekste word bestudeer om bewys te lewer van ín kultuurteks oor verstedeliking.

Laastens word hierdie kultuurtekste oor verstedeliking met mekaar vergelyk, aangesien bepaalde feite rondom Afrikaner/swart verstedeliking pas duidelik word wanneer ín vergelykende benadering gevolg word. Deur hierdie vergelyking word gevolgtrekkings

ENGLISH : Urbanization is a phenomenon that affected both Afrikaners and black people in twentieth century South Africa. In some respects the traumatic effect of these events are comparable for the two groups, but in others the experience of leaving the country for the city was a very different reality for Afrikaners and black people. Few studies have taken a simultaneous look at the urbanization undergone by the two groups. This study does this by investigating the representation in literary texts of the city and city life as experienced by black people and Afrikaners. The well-known opposition of city/country is explored, but with the emphasis on the city as it is represented in literary texts.

In studying this representation, the term ďcultuurtekstĒ (cultural text) is employed. The term is used by Maaike Meijer to describe the phenomenon of certain ways of representation around a specific topic being constantly repeated. The cultuurtekst is thus an imaginary Ďtextí consisting of fixed codes of representation (cultural schemes, as she also calls them) that we find being echoed anew in individual texts.

The aim of the study is to prove the existence of such a cultuurtekst pertaining to the urbanization of both black people and Afrikaners. In order to achieve this, literary texts in Afrikaans are studied to identify a set of cultural schemes that are found across a variety of texts, thus indicating that a cultuurtekst about Afrikaner urbanization is being repeated in these texts. The same procedure is followed concerning black urbanization: English and Zulu texts are studied to establish evidence of a cultuurtekst about urbanization.

Finally, these cultural texts about urbanization are compared with one another, seeing that certain facts about Afrikaner/black urbanization only become truly clear when a comparative approach is followed. From this comparison conclusions are drawn about the similar and different experiences of urbanization and city life for Afrikaners and black people.

Copyright © 2009, University of Pretoria. All rights reserved. The copyright in this work vests in the University of Pretoria. No part of this work may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the University of Pretoria.

Please cite as follows:

Van Niekerk, J 2009, Kultuurtekste oor verstedeliking : ín vergelyking van Afrikaner- en swart verstedeliking in literÍre tekste (Afrikaans), MA dissertation, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, viewed yymmdd < http://upetd.up.ac.za/thesis/available/etd-08032009-182300/ >

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