Title page for ETD etd-07312012-113750

Document Type Master's Dissertation
Author Joubert, Lydelle Amelia
Email lydelle@lantic.net
URN etd-07312012-113750
Document Title Maritime terrorism, piracy and acts of armed robbery of ships : South East Asia and Africa, 2000 - 2008
Degree Master of Arts
Department Political Sciences
Advisor Name Title
Prof M Hough Supervisor
  • West Africa
  • South East Asia
  • maritime terrorism
  • ships
  • armed robbery
Date 2012-04-23
Availability unrestricted
The purpose of this study was to investigate maritime terrorism, maritime piracy and acts of armed robbery of ships and the influence of specific role-players on the issue both internationally and regionally. The study investigated established measures to regulate and combat these threats and the reasons why some areas are more affected than others.

The study focused on maritime terrorism, piracy and armed robbery of ships in East and West Africa and Southeast Asia in the 21st century (1 January 2000 to 31 December 2008), specifically as these are the regions most affected by such incidents. The study aimed to establish the following:

  • Which socio-economic, and political factors in individual states influence the occurrence of maritime terrorism, piracy and acts of armed robbery of ships and could piracy and acts of armed robbery of ships be eradicated if the socio-economic and political issues in affected countries receive more attention?
  • Is the eradication of maritime piracy and terrorism at all possible considering the social problems facing underdeveloped countries, the effectiveness of current international measures in combating piracy and acts of armed robbery of ships, as well as current trends in global terrorism and organised crime?
  • Why are all underdeveloped countries not affected by the problem of maritime piracy?
  • Is there any proof that the use of force against pirates leads to an escalation in violence?
  • What forms of interaction exist between maritime pirates and terrorist groups in these areas, and will the elimination of piracy and acts of armed robbery of ships have a major effect on the continued existence of maritime terrorism?

Both socio-economic conditions and political factors in a given country or region have an influence on the occurrence of piracy, acts of armed robbery of ships and maritime terrorism, but could be countered by other factors such as the presence of strong law enforcement agencies. The level of violence existing in a country also plays a role. As the objectives of pirates and maritime terrorists differ, very few examples of interaction between these groups exist. Both pirates and terrorists adapt to measures instituted by the international community and change their tactics and areas of operations accordingly.

Copyright 2011, University of Pretoria. All rights reserved. The copyright in this work vests in the University of Pretoria. No part of this work may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the University of Pretoria.

Please cite as follows:

Joubert, LA 2011, Maritime terrorism, piracy and acts of armed robbery of ships : South East Asia and Africa, 2000 - 2008, MA dissertation, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, viewed yymmdd < http://upetd.up.ac.za/thesis/available/etd-07312012-113750 / >


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