Title page for ETD etd-07302008-143156


Document Type Master's Dissertation
Author Wojcik, Marika
URN etd-07302008-143156
Document Title Evaluation criteria for trust models with specific reference to prejudice filters
Degree MSc
Department Computer Science
Supervisor
Advisor Name Title
Dr H S Venter Co-Supervisor
Prof J H P Eloff Supervisor
Keywords
  • trust model
  • architecture
  • prejudice filters
  • criteria
  • prototype
  • simulation
  • trust representation
  • initial trust
  • trust update
  • trust evaluation
Date 2007-09-05
Availability unrestricted
Abstract
The rapid growth of the Internet has resulted in the desperate need for alternative ways to keep electronic transactions secure while at the same time allowing entities that do not know each other to interact. This has, in turn, led to a wide area of interest in the issues of trust and trust modeling to be used by machines. A large amount of work has already been undertaken in this area in an attempt to transfer the trust and interaction decision making processes onto the machine. However this work has taken a number of different approaches with little to no correlation between various models and no standard set of criteria was even proposed that can be used to evaluate the value of such models.

The proposed research chooses to use a detailed literature survey to investigate the current models in existence. This investigation focuses on identifying criteria that are required by trust models. These criteria are grouped into four categories that represent four important concepts to be implemented in some manner by trust models: trust representation, initial trust, trust update and trust evaluation. The process of identifying these criteria has led to a second problem.

The trust evaluation process is a detailed undertaking requiring a high processing overhead. This process can either result in a value that allows an agent to trust another to a certain extent or in a distrust value that results in termination of the interaction. The evaluation process required to obtain the distrust value is just as process intensive as the one resulting in determining a level of trust and the constraints that will be placed on an interaction. This raises the question: How do we simplify the trust evaluation process for agents that have a high probability of resulting in a distrust value?

This research solves this problem by adding a fifth category to the criteria already identified; namely: prejudice filters. These filters have been identified by the literature study and are tested by means of a prototype implementation that uses a specific scenario in order to test two simulation case studies.

2007, University of Pretoria. All rights reserved. The copyright in this work vests in the University of Pretoria. No part of this work may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the University of Pretoria.

Please cite as follows:

Wojcik, M 2007, Evaluation criteria for trust models with specific reference to prejudice filters, MSc dissertation, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, viewed yymmdd < http://upetd.up.ac.za/thesis/available/etd-07302008-143156/ >

E843/ag

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