Title page for ETD etd-07202011-155609


Document Type Master's Dissertation
Author Van Deventer, Hendrik Johannes Marthinus
Email hendrikvandeventer@gmail.com
URN etd-07202011-155609
Document Title A critical analysis of the taxation of interactive gambling income earned by resident South African individuals
Degree MCom
Department Taxation
Supervisor
Advisor Name Title
Prof M Cronje Co-Supervisor
Mr T L Steyn Supervisor
Keywords
  • South African resident
  • gambling regulation
  • gross income
  • bruto inkomste
  • dobbel regulasies
  • Suid-Afrikaanse inwoner
  • belasting
  • afstand dobbelary
  • inter-aktiewe dobbel
  • aanlyn dobbelary
  • dobbel
  • capital gains tax
  • kapitaalwinsbelasting
  • taxation
  • remote gambling
  • interactive gambling
  • gambling online
  • gambling
Date 2011-04-07
Availability unrestricted
Abstract
There has been a continuous increase in the popularity of interactive gambling in South Africa due to the wide range of channels in which the public can now quickly and easily access gambling opportunities. Although there is uncertainty related to whether or not interactive gambling is considered to be legal in South Africa, the total value of income earned from interactive gambling by South African residents is conservatively estimated to be between R4 billion and R10 billion per year. Unfortunately, due to the fact that interactive gambling does not have national boundaries, it is difficult to determine the true worth of the industry.

There appears to be no academic research which has examined whether income received from interactive gambling qualifies to be taxed in terms of the Income Tax Act 58 of 1962. This study will contribute to an academic understanding of the interactive gambling industry in South Africa and an understanding of the South African Revenue Services (SARSs) policies and practices relating to the taxation of income earned from interactive gambling by resident South African individuals.

The purpose of this study was to critically analyse whether income earned from interactive gambling by resident South African individuals should be taxed by SARS. This study also investigated which laws currently regulate the interactive gambling industry within South Africa and how the regulation and taxation of interactive gambling in South Africa compares to that of other developing and developed countries. This study also investigated the legality and estimated value of interactive gambling income earned in South Africa by resident South African individuals.

This study concluded that income earned from interactive gambling should be subject to either normal income tax or to capital gains tax (CGT), depending on the intention of the taxpayer. This study noted that enforcing regular reporting from local licensed interactive gambling service providers would be the best method of effectively collecting tax that is owed by interactive gamblers on income generated from this form of gambling in South Africa.

This study further concluded that the most appropriate regulatory model to be applied in South Africa would be a protectionist model. This model protects the residents of a country by having a regulated interactive gambling industry that is protected from outside intruders. A regulated industry will result in economic benefits such as taxation, investment and employment within South Africa. The difficulties associated with electronic-commerce could be overcome through regulation of the industry which would be beneficial to SARS.

AFRIKAANS : Inter-aktiewe dobbel onder die Suid-Afrikaanse publiek is baie populr en het n voortgesette toename vanwe die beskikbaarheid en toeganklikheid wat deur tegnologie daargestel word. Alhoewel daar onsekerheid is aangaande of inter-aktiewe dobbel wettig is al dan nie, word die inkomste wat deur Suid Afrikaanse inwoners verdien word konserwatief geraam en beloop tussen R4 en R10 biljoen per jaar. Aangesien die toeganklikheid wat deur die internet gebied word nie net tot Suid-Afrika beperk is nie, maar wreldwyd strek, is dit feitlik onmoonlik om die waarde van die industrie te bepaal.

Daar is tot op hede geen akademiese navorsing gedoen om te bepaal of inkomste verdien uit inter-aktiewe dobbel belasbaar is ingevolge die Inkomstebelastingwet 58 van 1962. Hierdie studie sal bydra tot n akademiese begrip van SARS se beleid en die toepassing daarvan op inkomste verdien uit inter-aktiewe dobbel deur Suid-Afrikaanse individue.

Dus was die doel van hierdie navorsingstudie om te bepaal of inkomste verdien uit interaktiewe dobbel deur n Suid Afrikaanse individu deur SARS belasbaar is of nie en die aspekte krities te analiseer. Hierdie studie ondersoek ook die wette wat huidiglik die belasbaarheid van inkomste uit inter-aktiewe dobbel in Suid Afrika reguleer asook hoe die regulasies vergelyk met die van ander ontwikkelende en onwikkelde lande. Verder word ondersoek ingestel om die wettigheid van inter-aktiewe dobbel en die waarde daarvan te bepaal.

Die gevolgtrekking is dat inkomste verdien uit inter-aktiewe dobbel onderhewig moet wees aan of normale belasting of kapitaalwinsbelasting. Die navorsing en studie toon ook dat daar gelisensieerde inter-aktiewe dobbel diensverskaffers moet wees wat dan die invordering van die inkomste uit hierdie tipe dobbel kan beheer en dat inter-aktiewe dobbelaars wel die nodige belasting oorbetaal uit inkomste verdien in Suid-Afrika op hierdie manier.

Ter afsluiting van die navorsing word daar n model voorgestel wat toegepas moet word in Suid-Afrika, eerstens om die inwoners van die land te beskerm deur n goed-gereguleerde inter-aktiewe dobbel stelsel daar te stel en tweedens moet daar ook die nodige beskerming verleen word teen buitelandse indringers. n Goed gereguleerde model vir die industrie sal voordelig wees vir Suid Afrika deurdat die belasbaarheid van die inter-aktiewe dobbelinkomste n inspuiting vir die ekonomie kan wees, sowel as werkskeppingvoordele bied. Wetstoepassing en regulering van die industrie sal ook voordelig wees vir SARS aangesien die probleme wat nou geassosieer word met elektroniese-handel voorkom en tot die minimum beperk kan word.

2010, University of Pretoria. All rights reserved. The copyright in this work vests in the University of Pretoria. No part of this work may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the University of Pretoria.

Please cite as follows:

Van Deventer, HJM 2010, A critical analysis of the taxation of interactive gambling income earned by resident South African individuals MCom dissertation, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, viewed yymmdd < http://upetd.up.ac.za/thesis/available/etd-07202011-155609/ >

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