Title page for ETD etd-07152012-185754


Document Type Master's Dissertation
Author Huguet, Alice Audrey
Email alicehuguet19@gmail.com
URN etd-07152012-185754
Document Title The iconicity of picture communication symbols for children with English additional language and intellectual disabilities
Degree Master of Arts
Department Centre for Augmentative and Alternative Communication
Supervisor
Advisor Name Title
Prof J Bornman Co-Supervisor
Dr S Dada Supervisor
Keywords
  • intellectual disabilities
  • English additional language
  • augmentative and alternative communication
  • picture communication symbols
  • iconicity
Date 2012-09-05
Availability unrestricted
Abstract
Augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) provides many individuals who have little or no functional speech with a means to enter the world of communication. Aided and/or unaided symbols are used as a means of reception and expression to create shared meaning. The selection of an appropriate symbol set/system is vital and iconicity plays a central role in this process. The Western-based symbol set, Picture Communication Symbols (PCS) (Johnson, 1981), is readily available and widely used in South Africa, despite little information existing on its iconicity to South African populations with disabilities.

This study aimed to determine the iconicity of Picture Communication Symbols (PCS) for children with English Additional Language (EAL) and intellectual disability. A quantitative, non-experimental, descriptive design was used. Thirty participants between the ages of 12;00 and 15;11 (years; months) with EAL and intellectual disability were required to identify 16 PCS presented thematically on a ‘bed-making’ communication overlay in response to a gloss read out by the researcher. The results indicated that, overall, the 16 PCS were relatively iconic to the participants. The results also indicated that the iconicity of PCS can be manipulated and enhanced and that it can be influenced by other PCS that are used simultaneously on the communication overlay. The reasons for these findings are described. The clinical and theoretical implications of this study’s results are discussed, followed by a critical evaluation of this study and, finally, recommendations for future research are suggested.

© 2012 University of Pretoria. All rights reserved. The copyright in this work vests in the University of Pretoria. No part of this work may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the University of Pretoria.

Please cite as follows:

Huguet, AA 2012, The iconicity of picture communication symbols for children with English additional language and intellectual disabilities, MA dissertation, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, viewed yymmdd < http://upetd.up.ac.za/thesis/available/etd-07152012-185754/ >

C12/9/26/ag

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