Title page for ETD etd-07062011-144506


Document Type Master's Dissertation
Author Adekola, Omobolanle
Email bola@tuks.co.za
URN etd-07062011-144506
Document Title Wastewater minimization in multipurpose batch plants with a regeneration unit : multiple contaminants
Degree MEng
Department Chemical Engineering
Supervisor
Advisor Name Title
Prof T Majozi Committee Chair
Keywords
  • wastewater minimization
  • regeneration
  • multiple contaminants
Date 2011-09-05
Availability restricted
Abstract
The generation of wastewater in processing industries is an inevitable activity since almost all operations require water at some point. Process equipment cleaning is a universal wastewater generating operation as it is practiced in all segments of manufacturing industries. This is especially important in batch plants due to inherent sharing of equipment by different tasks. Wastewater minimization can be achieved by employing water reuse opportunities. In the past, an optimal batch schedule was assumed before the minimization of wastewater, which was an oversimplification of the problem. This is because the batch schedule impacts on the starting and finishing times of water-using operations, hence any wastewater target obtained is specific to the schedule given. This dissertation presents a methodology to address the problem of wastewater minimization by extending the concept of water reuse to include a wastewater regenerator. The regenerator purifies wastewater to such a quality that it can be reused in other operations. This further increases water reuse opportunities in the plant, thereby significantly reducing freshwater demand and effluent generation. The mathematical model presented determines the optimum batch production schedule that achieves the minimum wastewater generation within the same framework. The effectiveness of the method was demonstrated in its application to two case studies involving multiple contaminants and wastewater reductions of 19.2% and 26% were achieved.

2011 University of Pretoria. All rights reserved. The copyright in this work vests in the University of Pretoria. No part of this work may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the University of Pretoria.

Please cite as follows:

Adekola, O 2011, Wastewater minimization in multipurpose batch plants with a regeneration unit : multiple contaminants, MEng dissertation, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, viewed yymmdd < http://upetd.up.ac.za/thesis/available/etd-07062011-144506/ >

C11/9/138/ag

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