Title page for ETD etd-07032011-235647


Document Type Master's Dissertation
Author Matthews, Robert Eric
Email robm@waterstonecollege.co.za
URN etd-07032011-235647
Document Title Generic music style preferences of urban South African adolescents : a follow-up study including additional genres of Hip-Hop, House, Kwaito, Metal and Rhythm & Blues
Degree MMus
Department Music
Supervisor
Advisor Name Title
Prof C Van Niekerk Committee Chair
Keywords
  • urban learners
  • variables
  • South Africa
  • questionnaires
  • music styles
  • music preferences
  • LeBlanc
Date 2011-09-06
Availability unrestricted
Abstract
This exploratory study measured the generic music style preferences of urban South African adolescents using a cross-section of grade nine adolescent learners living in Johannesburg. Johannesburg is the third largest city in Africa and the largest in sub-Saharan Africa.

Quantitatively, through a survey, the research determined which music styles were preferred and qualitatively, through interviews, established the extent to which multifarious variables affected preference. LeBlancís Model of the Sources of Variation in Music Preference was used as the theoretical framework upon which the study was built. A similar study, completed ten years ago on South African urban adolescents, conducted by Jennifer James, inspired this study and was used as a point of departure for this project. Jamesís 2000 study was entitled, Generic Style Music Preferences of Urban South African Students.

Examples of fifteen generic styles of music, selected from popular, classical and indigenous traditions, were used as music excerpts in the listening test (Music Preference Questionnaire). Through purposive sampling, a total of five-hundred and sixty-eight learners in grade nine participated in the study. The learner sample used was demographically true in its representation of the countryís population. Three broad categories of variables pertaining to preference were delineated and discussed within the study. These encompassed listener, music and environmental variables. Learner variables included: music training, gender (sex), ethnic group (race and language), socio-economic status, and age. Music variables pertaining to preference included: physiological properties of the stimulus [music], complexity of the stimulus [music], and referential meaning of the stimulus [music]. Environmental variables pertaining to preference included media, peer influence, family influence, and the influence of teachers and authority figures.

The study revealed that the current generic music style preferences of South African urban adolescents in order of most to least preferred were: Rhythm and Blues, Western Pop, Kwaito, Reggae, House, Hip-Hop, South African Pop, Western Choral, Metal, Rock, Gospel Jazz, Traditional African, Western Classical and Indian Classical.

© 2011 University of Pretoria. All rights reserved. The copyright in this work vests in the University of Pretoria. No part of this work may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the University of Pretoria.

Please cite as follows:

Matthews, RE 2011, Generic music style preferences of urban South African adolescents : a follow-up study including additional genres of Hip-Hop, House, Kwaito, Metal and Rhythm & Blues, MMus dissertation, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, viewed yymmdd < http://upetd.up.ac.za/thesis/available/etd-07032011-235647/ >

C11/9/307/ag

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