Title page for ETD etd-06282011-164017


Document Type Master's Dissertation
Author Mapasha, Refilwe Edwin
Email sengere@webmail.co.za
URN etd-06282011-164017
Document Title Theoretical studies of graphene and graphene-related materials involving carbon and silicon
Degree MSc
Department Physics
Supervisor
Advisor Name Title
Prof N Chetty Supervisor
Keywords
  • materials
  • carbon
  • silicon
  • graphene
Date 2011-04-05
Availability unrestricted
Abstract
The structural and electronic properties of graphene and graphene-related materials have been intensively investigated using the plane wave based periodic density func- tional theory (DFT). The Vienna ab initio simulation package (VASP) code employing the generalized gradient approximation (GGA) for the exchange correlation potential was used. In all calculations, the geometry optimization option was employed in allow- ing the structure to fully relax.

Hydrogen adatoms were adsorbed on C, Si and SiC in the graphene structure in-volving (1x1),(2x2),(3x3) and (4x4) two dimensional unit cells. The density of states reveals that the adsorption of 50% hydrogen makes the system metallic but 100% coverage at the on top sites generates a band gap. Our results show that SiC in the graphene structure is a plausible structure with a wide band gap.

For adsoption of lithium adatoms, we considered various configurations involving the (1x1), (2x1) and (2x2) two-dimensional unit cells, and we consider the isolated Li dimer on graphene. We consider more detailed configurations than have been studied before, and our results compare favourably with previously calculated results where such results exist.

For 100% coverage, we have new results for Li on the on-top site, which suggests a staggered configuration for the lowest energy structure for which the Li adatoms are alternately pushed into and pulled out of the graphene layer. For 50% coverage, Li favours the hollow site. We discovered that a careful relaxation of the system also shows a staggered configuration, a result that has not been investigated before.

2011, University of Pretoria. All rights reserved. The copyright in this work vests in the University of Pretoria. No part of this work may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the University of Pretoria.

Please cite as follows:

Mapasha, RE 2011, Theoretical studies of graphene and graphene-related materials involving carbon and silicon, MSc dissertation, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, viewed yymmdd < http://upetd.up.ac.za/thesis/available/etd-06282011-164017/ >

E11/435/gm

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