Title page for ETD etd-05252005-140927


Document Type Master's Dissertation
Author Moleki, Rorisang Anna Confidence
URN etd-05252005-140927
Document Title Temporal composition of tannin and carbohydrate content in Eucalyptus leaves in South Africa
Degree MInst Agrar
Department Zoology and Entomology
Supervisor
Advisor Name Title
Dr P Govender Committee Chair
Dr T Regnier Committee Co-Chair
Keywords
  • Eucalyptus disease and pest resistance
  • Eucalyptus diseases and pests South Africa
  • curculionidae
  • metabolites
Date 2003-09-01
Availability unrestricted
Abstract
In South Africa, the genus Eucalyptus plays an important role as a plantation tree and hence forms a major economic component in the forest sector. An insect pest of these Eucalyptus species, Gonipterus scutellatus, causes periodic defoliation in the plantations. Plants have extraordinary array of chemicals (secondary metabolites), which defend them from herbivores. This study reports on the seasonal variation of the tannin concentration and carbohydrate content of the leaves of nine Eucalyptus species. Soluble tannins were quantified using Hagerman test and the carbohydrate content with a refractometer. Generally high tannin concentrations were observed during spring and late summer with low concentrations during autumn and winter. During the months of February, April, July tannin concentration was usually found to be higher than the carbohydrate content. The higher concentration of tannin could be linked to the allocation of carbon for the production of tannin instead of carbohydrates for growth.

2004 University of Pretoria. All rights reserved. The copyright in this work vests in the University of Pretoria. No part of this work may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the University of Pretoria.

Please cite as follows:

Moleki, RAC 2004, Temporal composition of tannin and carbohydrate content in Eucalyptus leaves in South Africa, MInstAgrar dissertation, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, viewed yymmdd < http://upetd.up.ac.za/thesis/available/etd-05252005-140927/ >

H972/ag

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