Document Type Doctoral Thesis Author Bain, Katherine Alison URN etd-05162010-001552 Document Title Beneath the wings of Aidos (Goddess of Shame) : women finding the courage to live with HIV and the strength to die of AIDS Degree PhD Department Psychology Supervisor
Advisor Name Title Dr L Eskell-Blokland Supervisor Keywords
- social support
Date 2010-04-22 Availability unrestricted AbstractThis study describes the subjective psychological experience of African women positively living with and dying of HIV/AIDS, with a focus on the significant cognitive, emotional and social themes involved in their subjective sense of coping. HIV-positive African women have been identified as being at risk psychologically, due to gender inequality in African culture and society and the stigma that surrounds HIV/AIDS. Their traditional role as caregivers also places them at risk, but highlights the importance of understanding their experience in order to assist these women and their children. Drawing on interpretive methods within a qualitative research approach, ten women who are coping with their HIV-positive status were interviewed in order to gain an understanding of their experiences of coping with HIV/AIDS. The analysis of the interview material suggests that coping is a process of disconnection and reconnection that entails the ability to know oneís own experience. Coping was found to be a process of mourning in which the individual moves from a time of not coping toward acceptance of their status and the changes this necessitates in their relationships. Resolution of mourning seemed to entail greater integration of these womenís sense of themselves and psychological strength was found to originate in coping with adversity. The study draws on three theoretical approaches, namely positive psychology, object relations theory and analytical psychology. Carl Jungís theory of individuation and Joseph Campbellís interpretation of it, The Heroís Journey, was used as a frame for the theoretical discussion. Within this frame, Elizabeth Kubler-Rossí stages of mourning were integrated with Donald Winnicottís description of separation in the move from dependence to independence, Winnicottís ideas around the capacity to be alone, Melanie Kleinís description of the move from the paranoid-schizoid to the depressive position and Wilfred Bionís ideas around the desire to know oneís own experience. Throughout the discussion a number of concepts from positive psychology were explored, such as: coping styles, social support, participation in life, positive goals, autonomy and resilience. The core of Jungís theory, which is the integration of all aspects of the self, allowed space to explore distress and coping, both of which are entailed in the process of coping.
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Please cite as follows:
Bain, KA 2009, Beneath the wings of Aidos (Goddess of Shame) : women finding the courage to live with HIV and the strength to die of AIDS, PhD thesis, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, viewed yymmdd < http://upetd.up.ac.za/thesis/available/etd-05162010-001552/ >
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