Title page for ETD etd-05162010-001552


Document Type Doctoral Thesis
Author Bain, Katherine Alison
URN etd-05162010-001552
Document Title Beneath the wings of Aidos (Goddess of Shame) : women finding the courage to live with HIV and the strength to die of AIDS
Degree PhD
Department Psychology
Supervisor
Advisor Name Title
Dr L Eskell-Blokland Supervisor
Keywords
  • resilience
  • mourning
  • social support
  • integration
  • dependence-independence
  • women
  • HIV/AIDS
  • self
  • identity
  • individuation
  • autonomy
  • coping
Date 2010-04-22
Availability unrestricted
Abstract
This study describes the subjective psychological experience of African women positively living with and dying of HIV/AIDS, with a focus on the significant cognitive, emotional and social themes involved in their subjective sense of coping. HIV-positive African women have been identified as being at risk psychologically, due to gender inequality in African culture and society and the stigma that surrounds HIV/AIDS. Their traditional role as caregivers also places them at risk, but highlights the importance of understanding their experience in order to assist these women and their children. Drawing on interpretive methods within a qualitative research approach, ten women who are coping with their HIV-positive status were interviewed in order to gain an understanding of their experiences of coping with HIV/AIDS. The analysis of the interview material suggests that coping is a process of disconnection and reconnection that entails the ability to know oneís own experience. Coping was found to be a process of mourning in which the individual moves from a time of not coping toward acceptance of their status and the changes this necessitates in their relationships. Resolution of mourning seemed to entail greater integration of these womenís sense of themselves and psychological strength was found to originate in coping with adversity. The study draws on three theoretical approaches, namely positive psychology, object relations theory and analytical psychology. Carl Jungís theory of individuation and Joseph Campbellís interpretation of it, The Heroís Journey, was used as a frame for the theoretical discussion. Within this frame, Elizabeth Kubler-Rossí stages of mourning were integrated with Donald Winnicottís description of separation in the move from dependence to independence, Winnicottís ideas around the capacity to be alone, Melanie Kleinís description of the move from the paranoid-schizoid to the depressive position and Wilfred Bionís ideas around the desire to know oneís own experience. Throughout the discussion a number of concepts from positive psychology were explored, such as: coping styles, social support, participation in life, positive goals, autonomy and resilience. The core of Jungís theory, which is the integration of all aspects of the self, allowed space to explore distress and coping, both of which are entailed in the process of coping.

© 2009 University of Pretoria. All rights reserved. The copyright in this work vests in the University of Pretoria. No part of this work may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the University of Pretoria.

Please cite as follows:

Bain, KA 2009, Beneath the wings of Aidos (Goddess of Shame) : women finding the courage to live with HIV and the strength to die of AIDS, PhD thesis, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, viewed yymmdd < http://upetd.up.ac.za/thesis/available/etd-05162010-001552/ >

D10/305/ag

Files
  Filename       Size       Approximate Download Time (Hours:Minutes:Seconds) 
 
 28.8 Modem   56K Modem   ISDN (64 Kb)   ISDN (128 Kb)   Higher-speed Access 
  00front.pdf 101.96 Kb 00:00:28 00:00:14 00:00:12 00:00:06 < 00:00:01
  01chapters1-2.pdf 257.06 Kb 00:01:11 00:00:36 00:00:32 00:00:16 00:00:01
  02chapters3-4.pdf 430.39 Kb 00:01:59 00:01:01 00:00:53 00:00:26 00:00:02
  03chapters5-6.pdf 360.43 Kb 00:01:40 00:00:51 00:00:45 00:00:22 00:00:01
  04chapters7-8.pdf 237.49 Kb 00:01:05 00:00:33 00:00:29 00:00:14 00:00:01
  05references.pdf 145.56 Kb 00:00:40 00:00:20 00:00:18 00:00:09 < 00:00:01

Browse All Available ETDs by ( Author | Department )

If you have more questions or technical problems, please Contact UPeTD.