Title page for ETD etd-05092005-114800


Document Type Master's Dissertation
Author Venter, Catharina Elizabeth
URN etd-05092005-114800
Document Title The vegetation ecology of Mfabeni peat swamp, St Lucia, KwaZulu-Natal
Degree MSc(Botany)
Department Botany
Supervisor
Advisor Name Title
Prof G J Bredenkamp Committee Chair
Keywords
  • Plant ecology Greater Saint Lucia Wetland Park
  • vegetation surveys Greater Saint Lucia Wetkand Par
  • plant communities Greater Saint Lucia Wetland Park
  • ecology Greater Saint Lucia Wetland Park
Date 2004-04-24
Availability unrestricted
Abstract
A vegetation survey, on the plant community level of organization, was conducted on the Mfabeni swamp on the eastern shores of Lake St Lucia. The survey included both the sedge/grass swamp and the swamp forest. Mfabeni swamp is a peatland with peat up to 10m in depth. Except for limited studies in Lesotho and KwaZulu-Natal, this is a first vegetation survey on the plant community level of peatland vegetation in southern Africa. Total floristic composition and habitat information were recorded in 214 sample plots, fully referenced by GPS for GIS mapping. The data were captured in the TURBOVEG data base for vegetation data, classified using the TWINSPAN numerical classification algorithm and phytosociological tables were compiled using the MEGATAB computerized table management program. Fourteen plant communities were identified, characterized by diagnostic and dominant species, described, and the localities noted by GIS. The data were also processed by the PCOrd numerical ordination program and the axes of the resulting ordination diagrams were related to environmental conditions. This gave an indication of the environmental factors controlling the existence and distribution patterns of the different plant communities. An ordination was run on the habitat data collected to further illustrate the relationship between the plant communities and environmental variables. It seems that water depth, seasonality of the water depth and certain water chemical properties, such as pH conductivity and dissolved oxygen content of the water play an important role in determining floristic composition and therefore plant community type in the Mfabeni swamp.

2003 University of Pretoria. All rights reserved. The copyright in this work vests in the University of Pretoria. No part of this work may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the University of Pretoria.

Please cite as follows:

Venter, CE 2003, The vegetation ecology of Mfabani peat swamp, St Lucia, KwaZulu-Natal, MSc dissertation, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, viewed yymmdd < http://upetd.up.ac.za/thesis/available/etd-05092005-114800/ >

H817/ag

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