Document Type Doctoral Thesis Author Batchelor, Jacqueline firstname.lastname@example.org URN etd-04302012-141636 Document Title Innovative teachersí pedagogical efficacy in their use of emerging technologies Degree PhD Department Science, Mathematics and Technology Education Supervisor
Advisor Name Title Prof J Traxler Co-Supervisor Prof W Fraser Co-Supervisor Prof M Herselman Supervisor Keywords
- innovative teachers
- organizational learning
- information communication technology
- grounded theory
- pedagogical efficacy
- technology integration
- information society
- emerging technologies
Date 2012-04-16 Availability unrestricted AbstractInnovative teaching is, in essence, the art of breaking down barriers which prevent educators from preparing learners for the gruelling demands of the 21st century by exploiting the affordances of emerging Information and communications technologies (ICT) to enhance their teaching and learning strategies. The resulting new educational practice can affect roles, learning situations, patterns of interaction, learning spaces, strategies and theories as well as modes of assessment (Mioduser, Nachmias, Tubin, & Forkosh-Baruch, 2002a). The problem addressed in this study is that of innovative teacher knowledge construction and its context. The role of educational technologies in teaching and learning has evolved and changed dramatically over time but little is understood of how this knowledge manifests itself in their practice and how it is replicated and shared in practice. Pioneering, innovative teachers have developed personal theories that may potentially inform future practice once articulated and disseminated. This study sets out to deepen our understanding of how new knowledge is created in practice by innovative teachers and how this knowledge manifests itself in teaching and learning with emerging ICT. The consequent collaboration between researcher and participant teachers can act as a reconciliatory measure between practice and theory.
The literature reviewed draws on tenets from socio-cultural theory, critical philosophy, emerging technology and teaching and learning theory and aims to construct rational foundations to assist in the articulation of new theories which, in turn, will better our understanding of this new emerging pedagogical practice. A post-modernistic interpretive prism views the research investigation through the work of teachers qualified as finalists in the Microsoft Innovative Teachers Forum Awards (ITFA) competition. This annual competition recognises and connects innovative teachers who share a common interest in the enhancement of teaching and learning through the use of technology. Data collecting instruments include metadata consisting of educational multimedia artefacts, virtual classroom tours (VCTís), document analysis, innovative teacher workshops and interviews. The data were qualitatively analysed using Straussian Grounded Theory Method to articulate a substantive theory which aims to better our understanding of knowledge creation when innovative teachers use emerging technology to enhance their teaching and learning. The resultant substantive theoryís three core components comprise moral cohesion; innovation negotiations in context; and responsive governance as essential to innovative teachersí pedagogical efficacy when they engage with emerging technologies.
Innovative teachersí perception of the professional burden they carry along with their bricoleur attitude allude to them using whatever means and whatever is at hand to equip learners with the skills required to make them contributing members of their community and the information society. Strategies for the constant renewal of pedagogical practices and the need for reflexivity included the appropriation of learnersí personal devices for learning where their disposition had to be carefully managed in accordance with ethical considerations and their various capabilities. Innovative teachers are powerful change agents within their school environments and in this regard a certain amount of freedom could be offered to innovative teachers to further explore their own practice whilst at the same time tasking them with additional responsibilities in growing organisational capabilities. Innovative teachers use their increased status and power within their schools to actively lobby for policy changes through participating in advisory committees and assisting in the drafting of documents that hold strategic, ethical and practical implications for the exploitation of emerging technologies within their schools.
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Please cite as follows:
Batchelor, J 2011, Innovative teachersí pedagogical efficacy in their use of emerging technologies, PhD thesis, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, viewed yymmdd < http://upetd.up.ac.za/thesis/available/etd-04302012-141636/ >
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