Title page for ETD etd-04272009-101339

Document Type Doctoral Thesis
Author Kunene, Thandeka Ruth
URN etd-04272009-101339
Document Title A critical analysis of entrepreneurial and business skills in SMEs in the textile and clothing industry in Johannesburg, South Africa
Degree PhD
Department Business Management
Advisor Name Title
Prof JJ van Vuuren Supervisor
  • entrepreneurial skills
  • business skills
  • clothing industry
Date 2009-04-21
Availability unrestricted
South Africa has abandoned apartheid and re-entered the global economy where factors like the lack of global competitiveness and global recession, amoung other factors, are contributing to poor performance of South African firms. This poor performance has resulted in many firms restructuring, shrinking, closing down and losing hundreds of thousands of jobs. The South African government is promoting SMEs as alternative employment source. The problem is the high rate of SMEs closure. To sustain jobs, SMEs must survive and grow. Critical to aiding SME growth is the understanding of various internal and external factors which determine success or failure. This study investigates “skills” as one of the significant internal factors.

The literature reviews eight models by authors Glancey (1998), van Vuuren & Nieman (1999), Erikson (2002), Wickham (1998), Man et al (2002), Ucbasaran et al (2004), Darroch & Clover (2005) and Perks & Struwig (2005) to present the integrated model for entrepreneurial performance as “integrated ↑E/P = f(key skills) x [1 + h.(supporting skills)] ”. The key skills are represented as multiplicative, symbolising the fact that the absence of any one key skill will lead to zero performance. Based on this model, several propositions are put forward.

The aim of this study was to investigate whether the key set of competencies identified by the eight models reviewed (as presented in the detailed model) can be applied to a specific industry (the textile and clothing industry) at a specific geographic location (Johannesburg).

The cross-sectional, ex post facto, formal empirical study involved interviewed 570 manufacturing SMEs (197 successful and 373 less successful SMEs). The study ascertained which skills the SME owner/managers perceived as important for success; how they rated their competencies in the said skills; and whether they had been trained in those skills. The instrument used was a structured questionnaire. The statistical analyses included descriptive statistics, frequencies, factor analysis, Cronbach alpha coefficient, Chi-square; t-test and one-way ANOVA tests. The analysis was concluded with a Scheffe’s multiple comparison procedure.

The main findings of the study are:

1. Key skills that enhance SME success include the ability to gather resources, marketing, motivation, legal, financial and operational management skills.

2. Successful SMEs considered key skills to be more important and rated themselves more competent in most of the key skills than did less successful SMEs.

3. Successful SMEs had been trained in more skills categories than less successful SMEs, with most of the successful SMEs having received training in all the key skills identified.

This study recommends that the training of SMEs should focus on developing those skills identified as key internal factors influencing SME success by following the training model “Training for ↑E/P = training in key skills x [1 + training in supporting skills] ”. The study concludes by listing limitations and suggesting further research.

© University of Pretoria 2008

Please cite as follows:

Kunene, TR 2008, A critical analysis of entrepreneurial and business skills in SMEs in the textile and clothing industry in Johannesburg, South Africa, PhD thesis, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, viewed yymmdd < http://upetd.up.ac.za/thesis/available/etd-04272009-101339/>


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  00front.pdf 96.21 Kb 00:00:26 00:00:13 00:00:12 00:00:06 < 00:00:01
  01chapter1.pdf 176.88 Kb 00:00:49 00:00:25 00:00:22 00:00:11 < 00:00:01
  02chapter2.pdf 277.82 Kb 00:01:17 00:00:39 00:00:34 00:00:17 00:00:01
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  05chapter5.pdf 190.43 Kb 00:00:52 00:00:27 00:00:23 00:00:11 00:00:01
  06chapter6.pdf 455.11 Kb 00:02:06 00:01:05 00:00:56 00:00:28 00:00:02
  07chapter7.pdf 149.90 Kb 00:00:41 00:00:21 00:00:18 00:00:09 < 00:00:01
  08back.pdf 187.01 Kb 00:00:51 00:00:26 00:00:23 00:00:11 < 00:00:01

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