Document Type Doctoral Thesis Author Mucavele, Simao firstname.lastname@example.org URN etd-04272009-095504 Document Title Factors influencing the implementation of the new basic education curriculum in Mozambican schools Degree PhD Department Education Management and Policy Studies Supervisor
Advisor Name Title Prof W J Fraser Supervisor Keywords
- curriculum implementation
- curriculum theory
- curriculum development
- curricular areas
- learning cycle
- curriculum approaches
- frequency analysis
- curriculum development models
- attained curriculum
- intended curriculum
- implemented curriculum
- first-order investigative factor analysis
Date 2009-04-14 Availability unrestricted AbstractThe purpose of this research was to trace the first year of progress made towards implementing the new curriculum for basic education in Mozambique and to gain clarity about the process with a view to formulating pertinent recommendations for its successful implementation.
This study starts by presenting background information which highlights the need for the curriculum to be more relevant to the sociopolitical changes in Mozambique as the main aim of transforming the basic education curriculum. Secondly, it maps out the national environment in which the new curriculum is operating and the critical factors justifying the changes brought by curriculum transformation. Then it introduces the research questions that essentially explore four issues, namely (1) the nature of the new curriculum and the strategy used to implement it, (2) the perceptions of educators, subject specialists and principals regarding the new curriculum, (3) classroom practices as envisaged in the new education curriculum and (4) efforts towards successful implementation of the new curriculum.
Before the research topic is addressed the precepts of curriculum theory and the principles of curriculum development are discussed as the context within which to conceptualize the implementation of the new curriculum in Mozambique.
The study under review explores the seven basic conditions for effective change identified by Giacquinta (1998). The researcher has found with due reference to the subject literature that the relevance of these conditions is borne out by the findings of the research under review. This research therefore has the merit that it relates these conditions (referred as factors in the study) to each other, thus serving as an important guide for monitoring and implementing education change of which curriculum reform is a basic element.
The study employed mainly quantitative analysis (descriptive statistical analysis and factor analysis) having as research instrument a survey questionnaire designed to gauge educatorsí and learnersí opinions regarding implementation of the new Basic Education Curriculum in Mozambican schools.
As the main findings of the study, it was clear from participating principalsí and teachersí responses that school leadership is an essential factor in assuring the presence and maintenance of all the necessary conditions for successful implementation of the new curriculum. The capacity building is another indispensable factor derived from participating principalsí and teachersí responses concerning successful implementation of the new curriculum, which is viewed as an important condition for creating and maintaining teachersí confidence in their ability to fulfil new role expectations. In this regard, principals and teachers identified innovative classroom practices as an important condition for successful implementation of the new curriculum. So, principalsí responses showed that it was important to recognise the association between leadership, innovative classroom practices and capacity building, while participating teachersí responses showed that there was an important link between capacity building and leadership, rewarding and innovative classroom practices. Thus, with the exception of rewarding the same factors were identified as critical by both principals and teachers.
A distinct enabling condition for successful implementation of the new curriculum that emerged from participating studentsí responses comprised (1) an association of studentsí expectations, learning opportunities and outcomes, (2) studentsí subject preferences, (3) and a friendly and supportive school environment.
This research both contributes to understanding of the curriculum implementation process, and enables the formulation of pertinent recommendations towards successful curriculum implementation. It also enriches the current literature on this matter through critical analysis of a new curriculum implementation, offering empirical evidences of the relevance of school resocialization, which entails restructuring and reculturing.
© University Of Pretoria 2008
Please cite as follows:
Mucavele, S 2008, Factors influencing the implementation of the new basic education curriculum in Mozambican schools, PhD thesis, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, viewed yymmdd < http://upetd.up.ac.za/thesis/available/etd-04272009-095504/>
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