Title page for ETD etd-04252008-143722

Document Type Master's Dissertation
Author Moiloe, Sengwe Deborah
URN etd-04252008-143722
Document Title Evaluation of the North West Province educational programme for the primary prevention of child sexual abuse
Degree MSD (Social Work Management)
Department Social Work and Criminology
Advisor Name Title
Prof G M Spies Supervisor
  • educational
  • programme
  • primary
  • prevention
  • rape
  • child sexual abuse
  • presentation
  • empowerment
  • protection
  • child
Date 2007-09-05
Availability unrestricted

Child sexual abuse is a widespread problem nationally and internationally. Sexual abuse is traumatic for the child victim. Usually the adult abuser takes advantage of the childís innocence and trust in adults. In many cases, the abuser threatens or bribes the child to keep silent. Because of t he threats, fear and embarrassment, most children do not tell anyone about the abuse. Keeping the secret of abuse only causes more emotional stress for the child and the family.

Because of the betrayal by an adult, the child often experience feelings of guilt as if the abuse is his or her fault. As a result of this, i t becomes difficult for the abused child to trust people. Anger, guilt and fear are common feelings that sexually abused children may experience . Childhood sexual abuse can cause lifelong psychological and physical damage, even if the emotional effects of sexual abuse may not be evident immediately. Victims may experience abuse-related problems as adults. This refers to the ability to trust people and form close relationships with them.

Both boys and girls can be the victims of sexual abuse. However, females are more often victims of sexual abuse than males. Due to the increasing number o f reports of child sexual abuse cases in the Moses Kotane Local Municipality, North West Province, the researcher decided to evaluate the content and presentation of the educational programmes for the primary prevention of child sexual abuse, to establish whether they are empowering children to protect themselves against sexual abuse. The researcherís concern i s that despite the efforts by different departments to educate children on sexual abuse, more and more cases are reported. The research question to guide this study, was formulated as follows:

How do the children that are exposed to the sexual abuse educational programme that is being presented in the Moses Kotane Local Municipality, experience the content of the programme as well as the way it has been presented?

A quantitative research approach was used to explore the research question . Thirty (30) children from the Baphiring Middle school between the ages eleven (11) and fourteen (14) years, were randomly sampled for inclusion in the study. The data collection method used was a group questionnaire . Three themes were explored , namely child sexual abuse, presentation of the programme and empowerment of children against child sexual abuse. The findings showed that during the programme presentation, most children did learn of certain prevention concepts such as what child abuse is, who could potentially abuse the children, possible signs and symptoms of a sexually abused child and what to do to prevent sexual abuse. The findings also showed that the presentation of the programme on child sexual abuse should continue to empower children. The programme can be adjusted to be more child friendly.

© University of Pretoria 2007

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