Document Type Master's Dissertation Author Van der Merwe, Janet URN etd-03152011-121756 Document Title Agent-based transport demand modelling for the South African commuter environment Degree MEng Department Industrial and Systems Engineering Supervisor
Advisor Name Title Prof J W Joubert Committee Chair Keywords
- agent-based transport simulation
- transport demand modelling
- transport micro-simulation
- transportation planning
Date 2011-04-18 Availability unrestricted AbstractPast political regimes and socio-economic imbalances have led to the formation of a transport system in the Republic of South Africa (RSA) that is unique to the developing world. Affluent communities in metropolitan cities are situated close to economic activity, whereas the people in need of public transport are situated on the periphery of the cities. This demographic structure is opposite to that of developed countries and complicates both the provision of transport services and the planning process thereof.
Multi-Agent Transport Simulation (MATSim) has been identified as an Agent-Based Simulation (ABS) approach that models individual travellers as autonomous entities to create large scale traffic simulations. The initial implementation of MATSim in the RSA successfully simulated private vehicle trips between home and work in the province of Gauteng, proving that there is enough data available to create a realistic multi-agent transport model. The initial implementation can be expanded to further enhance the simulation accuracy, but this requires the incorporation of additional primary and secondary activities into the initial transport demand.
This study created a methodology to expand the initial implementation in the midst of limited data, and implemented this process for Gauteng. The first phase constructed a 10% synthetic population that represents the demographic structure of the actual population and identified various socio-demographic attributes that can influence an individual's travel behaviour. These attributes were assigned to the synthetic agents by following an approach that combines probabilistic sampling and rule-based models. The second phase used agents' individual attributes, and census, National Household Travel Survey (NHTS) and geospatial data to transform the synthetic population into a set of daily activity plans - one for every agent. All the agents' daily plans were combined into a plans.xml file that was used as input to MATSim, where the individuals' activity plans were executed simultaneously to model the transport decisions and behaviour of agents.
Data deficiencies were overcome by contemplating various scenarios and comparing the macroscopic transport demand patterns thereof to the results of the initial implementation and to actual counting station statistics. This study successfully expanded the initial home-work-home implementation of MATSim by including additional non-work activities in the transport demand. The addition of non-work activities improved the simulation accuracy during both peak and off-peak periods, and the initial demand therefore provides an improved representation of the travel behaviour of individuals in Gauteng.
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Please cite as follows:
Van der Merwe, J 2011, Agent-based transport demand modeling for the South African commuter environment, MEng dissertation, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, viewed yymmdd < http://upetd.up.ac.za/thesis/available/etd-03152011-121756/ >
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