Title page for ETD etd-02092007-093317


Document Type Master's Dissertation
Author Du Preez, Chrisna Barbara
Email dpreezc@arc.agric.za
URN etd-02092007-093317
Document Title A mesoscale investigation of the sea breeze in the Stellenbosch winegrowing district
Degree MSc
Department Geography, Geo-Informatics and Meteorology
Supervisor
Advisor Name Title
Ms. Liesl Dyson
Keywords
  • South Africa
  • wine growing area
  • relative humidity
  • synoptic conditions
  • wind speed
  • sea breeze
  • atmospheric modelling system
  • temperature
Date 2007-04-24
Availability unrestricted
Abstract
This study investigates how well the Regional Atmospheric Modelling System (RAMS) simulates the sea breeze from False Bay (False Bay sea breeze) at a small resolution of 200m. It describes the influence of the sea breeze in the Stellenbosch wine growing district focusing on temperature, relative humidity and wind speed and direction through three case studies, using three different synoptic conditions. The RAMS simulations are verified against measurements done by automatic weather stations in the study area for all three case studies. The first synoptic condition investigated is when light onshore flow occurred over the south-western Cape. The RAMS model simulated the vertical and horizontal structure of the sea breeze from False Bay very well. However RAMS predicted the onset of the sea breeze 3 hours earlier than the AWS data predicted. The flow was off-shore in the second case study. The RAMS simulations as well as the observed data from the automatic weather stations, showed the two sea breezes influencing the study area, one from Table Bay, west of Stellenbosch, and one from False Bay. In this case study the model simulated the flatter head and stronger False Bay sea breeze. The third case study investigated the influence of strong onshore synoptic conditions, in which the model and observed values showed that no sea breeze developed from False Bay. From the three case studies it was found that the sea breeze is influenced by the synoptic flow and that the sea breeze causes cooling of between 3C and 16C and relative humidity (RH) increase of between 16 57% depending on the synoptic flow. RAMS was able to simulate the sea breeze theoretically correct and has the potential to be used to identify climatological areas in the wine growing areas of the Western Cape.
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