Document Type Master's Dissertation Author Kotze, Jeanne URN etd-01122005-132645 Document Title Graad sewe-leerders van die Wolmer-gemeenskap se persepsies oor hulle toekomsverwagting (Afrikaans) Degree MA (SW) (Play Therapy) Department Social Work Supervisor
Advisor Name Title Dr J M C Joubert Keywords
- peer groep
- deprived milieu
- choice of profession
- identity development
- developmental tasks
- dispositional optimism
- grade seven learner
- Wolmer community
- gedepriveerde milieu
- disposisionele optimisme
- graad sewe-leerder
Date 2005-05-08 Availability unrestricted AbstractIt has been determined who the adolescent in the Wolmer community is. An investigation into the adolescentís relationship with the resources in this area was also done. It was determined that this community has a long history of poverty and that a large percentage of the families living here experience a variety of problems. We refer to them as multi-problem families. It has also been confirmed that social services by various organizations have been delivered on an ongoing base over the past eight years.
From the literature we have learned that the use of resourceís aid programmes as means of social support, focusing on families, primary and secondary school learners, should have an impact on the future expectations of the children involved.
The aim of this study was to determine what the perception of the grade seven learners of their future expectations was. From this it would then be possible to derive what recommendations should be made with regard to social work programmes for the parents and children in the Wolmer community.
Socio-economic problems that are not addressed cause bad school performance and as a result of this children tend to leave school at an early age. Leaving school at an early age evidently leads to conflict with the police, imprisonment and alcohol and drug abuse. These aspects tend to be a part of the life in Wolmer and ultimately have an influence on the child attaining his or her goals as well as on his or her future expectations. These will have to be addressed by appropriate school programmes.
The researcherís knowledge of this community leads her to the conclusion that the absence of parenting by the parents of these children, their lack of involvement, lack of skill to equip their children adequately for life, their own lack of adequate knowledge as well as lack of a proper value system tends to play a huge part in the behaviour and perception of the adolescent of their own future expectation.
In the Wolmer community children that are sometimes advised by their parents not to leave school at an early age, question this because of parents leaving school at an early age in order to co-provide for their families.
In cases where children do not have the cognitive ability to change their surroundings, they tend to too fall back in the vicious circle known to them and the generations before them. The child must be motivated and idealistic and be able to make realistic decisions. Because of this it is of the utmost importance that children that do not have the ability with regard to the abovementioned are assisted in doing so. Also that aid programs in future be focused on this in order to empower the new generation.
Parents have a huge influence on the choices made by their children. Regardless of social standing and ability adolescents usually have higher ideals for themselves when their parents motivate them as well as give recognition to good work. The researcher unfortunately came to realize that the assistance by their parents, are a very rare phenomenon in this community.
Out of the two focus groups being held with the adolescents, it seemed a lack of interest by the parents, lack of information on higher education as well as little financial resources, have a huge impact and influence on the future expectation of the adolescent in Wolmer.
It would be the ideal situation if adolescents chose a career that suited their abilities, interests and personality and that would promote a higher self-esteem. Because of their circumstances this is not always possible for the adolescents in this community. These happen in vary rare cases because the parentís expectations for their children usually fit their expectations for themselves, which is usually very low.
Peer group pressure and peer group acceptance have a huge impact on taking responsibility and on the making of choices.
In order to have future success individuals can use their problem-solving abilities, mobilise their social support system and become involved in skills that will promote their social capability.
The above mentioned should be actively addressed by social workers in the development of programs that focuses on social support, problem-solving skills, peer group acceptance, school involvement and socio-economic adaptation off adolescents in die Wolmer community. By determining the future expectations of the youth, programs for the empowerment of them can be implemented in order to assist the adolescents to break away from the vicious circle of poverty and to reach their ideals.
The researcher is of the opinion that is has become of the utmost importance for the resources in this community, to assess their role presently in the promoting of future expectations and as an outcome of this the promotion of economic-self sustainability.
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