Guidelines for staff
Definition
UP policies and regulations
Plagiarism and values
Causes of plagiarism
Prevent plagiarism
Detect plagiarism
Report plagiarism
Plagiarism Afrikaanse weergawee
Guidelines for students   Guidelines for staff   Additional Web resources   Contact Us
Prevent plagiarism
Lecturers are primarily responsible for teaching students the attitudes, skills and behaviours which will prevent plagiarism. Following is a list of tactics which may assist you.

Informative 

  • Discuss the issue of plagiarism regularly with students - at least at the start of each term.
  • Make sure students understand the main concepts of plagiarism, intellectual property, copyright and fair dealing.
  • Make them aware of the UP, faculty and departmental policies and regulations - stress the connection between the definition of plagiarism and the policies and regulations.
  • Warn students about the seriousness of the offence and the consequences of plagiarism for their academic and professional careers. Spell out the penalties which may be incurred.
  • Make them aware of all available help. 
  • Place copyright and plagiarism warnings prominently in study guides.
  • Include an anti-plagiarism slide in every Powerpoint presentation used for lecturing.
  • Refer students to available resources.

Educative

  • Be a positive role model: provide proper references to your lecture notes..
  • Discuss the issue in terms of values: 1) Plagiarism is theft of words and ideas and simply not done by a decent and honest person, 2) Plagiarism violates our values of trust and academic integrity.
  • Discuss the issue in terms of intellectual property, fair use and the role that referencing (citing) plays in the advancement of science.
  • Explain the reasons for referencing (citing).
  • Discuss the benefits of proper citation: it shows you have read about the subject, that your views are tied to that of experts and it helps the reader to locate the sources.
  • Teach them the skills of academic writing, especially quoting, paraphrasing, summarizing and citating, and make sure they observe it. (good examples available at http://www.english.vt.edu/~IDLE/plagiarism/plagiarism3.html)
  • "Cyberplagiarism" (plagiarizing the Internet) is a particular problem at the moment: familiarize yourself with the citing of web sources and teach the correct style to your students. 
  • Stress the need for original, critical thinking.
  • Make sure students are information literate.Contact your information specialist for help in this regard.

Preventative

  • Rethink the design and assessment of assignments: 
  1. reconsider exactly what you want to assess, 
  2. make sure everybody understands the assignment,
  3. make it relevant to future employment or research, 
  4. integrate different elements of assessment, 
  5. beware of broad, general topics,
  6. if possible, use very current topics,
  7. change topics regularly,
  8. be specific about expectations:  length, type of sources, currency, style, scope,
  9. provide citation standard and examples,
  10. spell out your interpretation of collaboration,
  11. allow enough time,
  12. check sources in bibliographies randomly,
  13. include some specific required reading for each assignment,
  14. require interaction and feedback by way of oral presentations or written feedback from other students.
  • Insist on a declaration of academic integrity to accompany each assignment. The following wording may be used (Printable version):
Declaration

1. I understand what plagiarism is and I am aware of the University's policy in this regard.

2. The essay/report/project/assignment/dissertation/thesis........... is my own work.

3. Where other people's work has been used (either from a printed source, internet or any other source) this has been carefully acknowledged and referenced in accordance with departmental requirements.

4. I have not used another student's past work to hand in as my own.

5. I have not allowed and will not allow, anyone to copy my work with the intention of passing it off as his/her own work.

 

Signature________________________

 

  • Deal with detected plagiarism in a fair and consistent manner within the UP regulations.
  • Familiarise yourself with the phenomenon of essay banks or paper mills (for an overview see http://online.northumbria.ac.uk/faculties/art/information_studies/Imri/JISCPAS/ site/res_essay.asp)
  • Let your students know that you have a good grasp of plagiarism issues and have resources available for tracking it down.
  • Use electronic detection tools.
  • Do not turn a blind eye because it is painful and time-consuming.

 

Related links
 
 
Guidelines for staff   Additional web resources